TABLE 1. List of the fossil site localities, corresponding ages, and sample size of Talpa fossilis and T. europaea used in the analyses.

Locality Age T. fossilis T. europaea
Osztramos 7 MN16 (2.8 ma) 1 /
Villany 3 MN17 (2.3 ma) 2 /
Betfia Early Pleistocene 5 /
Puspokfurdo Early Pleistocene 4 /
Beremend 15-16 Early Pleistocene 3 /
Somssich Hegy 2 Middle Pleistocene 3 /
Villany 8 Middle Pleistocene 11 /
Koversvarad Middle Pleistocene 9 /
Tarkò Middle Pleistocene 3 /
Brassò Middle Pleistocene 4 /
25-Fortuna Utca, Budapest Middle Pleistocene 3 /
Petersbuch 1 Middle Pleistocene 3 /
Istalloskò Late Pleistocene / 50
Bivak Barlang Late Pleistocene / 6
Kofulke Late Pleistocene / 4
Szelim Barlang Late Pleistocene / 4
Koszeg-Puskaporos Late Pleistocene / 3

TABLE 2. Results of the VARPART analysis.

Humeral shape/entire sample

df R2 Adjusted R2 p
Full model 7 0.17 0.12 0.001
individual fractions        
pure time 1 0.048 0.041 0.001
pure geography 3 0.05 0.026 0.001
pure climate 1 0.009 -0.005 0.858
Humeral shape/Talpa europaea        
Full model 5 0.11 0.04 0.002
individual fractions        
pure time 1 0.01 -0.002 0.678
pure geography 3 0.07 0.02 0.005
pure climate 1 0.009 -0.005 0.879
Humeral shape/Talpa fossilis        
Full model 5 0.13 0.032 0.056
individual fractions        
pure time 1 0.04 0.029 0.128
pure geography 3 0.08 0.02 0.087
pure climate 1 0.035 0.014 0.059