TABLE 1. Measurements of the Qalehjough fossils examined in this study. Abbreviations: BP, greatest breath of proximal end; Gbd, greatest breath of the distal end; GL, greatest length; GW, greatest width; HC, crown height; OL, occlusal length; OW, occlusal width; PL, protocone length; SB, smallest breath.

Taxa Bone and teeth Specimen No. Measurement (mm)
Stephanorhinus cf. kirchbergensis Right P 4 QHJ-45 OL 59
    OW 45
    HC 40
Equus sp. Incisor QHJ-12 GL 50
    GW 12
Incisor QHJ-13 GL 55
    GW 15
Incisor QHJ-14 GL 55
    GW 14
Right M 3 QHJ-22 OL 31
    OW 28
    PL 10
    HC 50
Left M 3 QHJ-42 OL 42
    OW 34
    HC 59
Suidae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Sus Phalange QHJ-37 GL 35
    BP 17
    SB 12
    Gbd 9
Caprinae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Ovis aries Left M 2 QHJ-5 GL 45
    GW 30
Mandible QHJ-44 GL 42
Bovinae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Bos Mandible QHJ-1 GL 150
    GW 80
Horn core QHJ-26 GL 101
    GW 39
Bovinae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Gazella Left M 2 QHJ-23 GL 22
    GW 14

 

 

TABLE 2. The number of identified specimens (NISP) of fossils from the Qalehjough site.

Taxa NISP % NISP
Stephanorhinus cf. kirchbergensis 1 2.1
Equus sp. 7 14.5
Suidae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Sus 2 4.3
Caprinae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Ovis aries and Caprinae indet. 18 38.5
Bovinae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Bos 17 36.3
Bovinae gen. et sp. indet. cf. Gazella 2 4.3