APPENDIX 1.

Additional ephippia from Koonwarra. 1-12,Ceriodaphnia sp. All scale bars = 200 µm. 1, NMV P332699. 2, NMV P332700. 3, NMV P332698. 4, NMV P332702. 5, NMV P332701. 6, NMV P109499B. 7, NMV P332693. 8, NMV P332695. 9, NMV P332692. 10, NMV P332696. 11, NMV P332694. 12, NMV P109500.

appendix

APPENDIX 2.

Table of the oldest known ephippial fossils for different cladoceran clades. Excludes Quaternary records.

Clade Age Location Citation
Daphnia (Daphnia) and D. (Ctenodaphnia) Jurassic/Cretaceous Mongolia Smirnov, 1992; Kotov and Taylor, 2011
Simocephalus Jurassic/Cretaceous Mongolia Smirnov, 1992; Kotov, 2007; Kotov and Taylor, 2011
Simocephalus (Australia) Lower Cretaceous Koonwarra Fryer, 1991
Ceriodaphnia Jurassic/Cretaceous Mongolia Smirnov, 1992; Kotov, 2009b
Ceriodaphnia (Australia) Lower Cretaceous Koonwarra Herein
Moinia Jurassic/Cretaceous NE China, Mongolia Lai, 1990; Smirnov, 1992
Bosminidae Eocene Germany Lutz, 1991
Chydoridae Lower Cretaceous Mongolia Kotov, 2009b