TABLE 1. Comparative material used for the present study; (h) = holotype; (p) = paratype.

Species Deposit Inventory Description
D. minor Fina H RGM 178184 (h) cast fragmental right jaw with p2-m3
  Gervasio 1 RGM 179174 (p) cast fragmental left jaw with p3-m3
D. intermedius Nazario 4 RGM 179063 (h) cast fragmental left jaw with p3-m1
  Chiro 20 C RGM 177982 (p) cast fragmental right maxillary with P3-M2
D. brevirostris SG RGM 179134 (h) cast skull with right P1, both P2s, P3s, P4s, M1s, right M2-M3
  SG RGM 179237 (p) cast fragmental right premaxillary with I1, I3
  SG RGM 179232 (p) cast fragmental left jaw with p3-m2 (broken m1)
D. koenigswaldi SG RGM 177777 (h) cast skull with both I1s, I3s, Cs, P1s, P3s, P4s, M1s, M2s, M3s and right P2
  SG RGM 177778 (h) cast fragmental left jaw with p1-m3
  SG RGM 177779 (h) cast fragmental right jaw with p1-m3
  SG RGM 179194 cast skull with right C, P1, P4 both P3s
  SG RGM 179147 cast fragmental right jaw with p3-m3
D. freudenthali F15 F15-015 fragmental left jaw with p2-p4
  F15 F15-016 fragmental left jaw with m3
  F15 F15-031 isolated left p4
  F15 F15-032 isolated right M1
  F15 F15-033 isolated right M2
  F15 F15-034 isolated right m3
  F15 F15-036 isolated left M3
  F15 F15-037 isolated left M3
  F15 F15-038 fragmental left maxillary with P3-M2
  F15 F15-039 fragmental left jaw with m1, m3
  F15 F15-041 isolated right P4
  F15 F15-042 fragmental right jaw without teeth
  F15 F15-043 isolated right m1
  F15 F15-044 isolated right m2
  F15 F15-045 isolated right m2
  F15 F15-046 isolated right p3
Deinogalerix sp. F21c F21-001 isolated left M1
  F21c F21-002 isolated right p4
Deinogalerix sp. P81D P81D-001 fragmental left jaw without teeth
  P81D P81D-002 fragmental left jaw without teeth
  P81D P81D-003 fragmental right jaw without teeth
  P81D P81D-004 fragmental left jaw with m2-m3
  P81D P81D-009 isolated left m1
  P81D P81D-023 left jaw with p3
  P81D P81D-024 left jaw with p3-p4
  P81D P81D-025 fragmental right maxillary with P4
  P81D P81D-026 isolated left P3
  P81D P81D-027 isolated left p3
  P81D P81D-028 isolated right p4
Deinogalerix sp. NBS NBS-001 isolated left p4
Deinogalerix sp. F1 F1-006 isolated left P4
  F1 F1-007 isolated left P4
  F1 F1-009 isolated left m2
Deinogalerix sp. F8 F8-040 left jaw with c, p3-m3 (broken m1)
Deinogalerix sp. F9 F9-014 fragmental skull with left C, both P1s, P3s, P4s, M2s and M3s
  F9 F9-017 fragmental left maxillary with P1-P2, P4
  F9 F9-018 isolated left M1
  F9 F9-022 fragmental right jaw with p4

 

 

 

TABLE 2. Odontometrics of Deinogalerix samniticus sp. nov. and Deinogalerix sp. (SCT243). Measurement: L: length; W: width, Lm: minimum length (only M3), aL: alveolar length, H (m1, p2): height of mandible below m1 and p2, W m1: width of the mandible below m1. Italics: inferred value.

  Dental Measurements
  L W L W L W L W L W
  p3 p4 m1 m2 m3
SCT246 8.8 5.0 12.1 7.6 12.25 / 6.5 / 5.8 /
SCT243 7.1 3.5 10 6.7 10.3 6.5        
SCT347         12.1 8        
  L W L W L W L W Lm W
  P3 P4 M1 M2 M3
SCT19 10.3 8.9 / 10.9            
SCT232                 5.85 6.3
  Mandible Measurements
  aL aL aL aL H m1 W m1 H p2      
m1-m3 p2-p4 p4-p3 p4-p3
SCT246 27.55 32.7 21.1 20.6 18.5 14.5 >15      

 

TABLE 3. Basic statistic parameters of lengths in mm of lower teeth (p3-m3) of the different Deinogalerix species, as well as in Parasorex, Galerix, Schizogalerix, and Apulogalerix . The mean values of Apulogalerix are actually grand means (i.e., mean of the means) of six different populations. The ranges have been approximated to the decimal digit to make them comparable to those reported by Butler (1980) and Doukas (1986). N = number of specimens;  = mean values; σ = standard deviations. * Inferred from diagrams and figures. Raw data for Figure 7.1.

Genus Species     Length
Locality Source p3 p4
Deinogalerix     N σ range N σ range
D. masinii M013 Villier, 2012; Villier et al., 2013 6 6.97 0.225 6.6-7.2 5 7.82 0.559 6.9-8.4
D. freudenthali F15 This paper 2 7.90 0.849 7.3-8.5 2 8.85 0.495 8.5-9.2
D. minor Various fissures Butler, 1980 3 8.40 0.100 8.3-8.5 2 8.65 0.212 8.5-8.8
D. brevirostris SG Low Butler, 1980 1 10.00 / / 1 10.10 / /
D. samniticus Scontrone This paper 1 8.80 / / 1 12.10 / /
Deinogalerix sp. Scontrone This paper 1 7.10 / / 1 10.00 / /
D. intermedius Various fissures Butler, 1980 6 10.23 0.728 8.9-11 7 11.56 1.108 9.7-12.6
D. koenigswaldi SG, SG Low Butler, 1980 6 11.70 0.360 11.3-12 7 12.34 0.560 11.5-13
Galerix                    
G. symeonidisi Aliveri Doukas, 1986 3 1.56   1.5-1.6 14 1.90   1.7-2.1
G. exilis Goldberg Ziegler, 1983 123 1.55 0.095 1.3-1.8 100 2.08 0.098 1.9-2.4
Parasorex                    
P. socialis La Grive Masini & Fanfani, 2013 15 1.68 0.137 1.5-1.9 39 2.06 0.088 1.9-2.3
P. ibericus Otura 1 Mein & Martin Suarez, 1993 2 1.56   1.5-1.6 3 1.96   1.9-2
Schizogalerix                    
S. pasalarensis Pasalar Engesser, 1980 (*) 1 1.48 / / 7 1.88 0.040 1.8-1.9
Apulogalerix All fissures this paper 6 1.64   1.6-1.7 6 1.85   1.8-1.9

TABLE 3 (continued)..

Length
m1 m2 m3
N σ range N σ range N σ range
9 8.77 0.308 8.3-9.2 10 5.88 0.467 5.3-6.5 5 4.86 0.363 4.1-5.5
2 10.14 0.325 9.9-10.4 2 7.10 0.566 6.7-7.5 3 5.77 0.221 5.5-5.9
2 10.90 0.141 10.8-11 3 6.57 0.208 6.4-6.8 1 4.70 / /
1 12.00 / / 2 7.05 0.071 7-7.1 1 5.80 / /
2 12.18 0.106 12.1-12.25 1 6.50 / / 1 5.80 / /
1 10.30 / /                
7 13.13 0.916 12-14.5 6 7.53 0.344 7.1-8 2 5.80 0.000 5.8-5.8
7 14.57 0.650 13.5-15.3 7 8.14 0.480 7.6-9 5 6.16 0.470 5.8-6.9
                       
2 2.55   2.5-2.6 8 2.14   2-2.3 4 1.65   1.5-1.8
150 3.07 0.077 2.8-3.4 150 2.49 0.100 2.4-2.8 150 2.11 0.093 1.7-2.3
                       
49 3.02 0.082 2.9-3.2 72 2.46 0.063 2.2-2.6 40 2.08 0.100 1.9-2.3
5 2.90   2.9-3 2 2.47   2.4-2.5 3 2.01   2-2.1
                       
3 2.80 0.098 2.7-2.9 2 2.39 0.021 2.4-2.4        
6 2.39   2.3-2.5 6 1.91   1.8-2 6 1.57   1.5-1.7

 

TABLE 4. Ratios of lower teeth length (p3-m3) in Deinogalerix samniticus sp. nov. with other species of Deinogalerix respect to the standard (Parasorex socialis from La Grive). Raw data for Figure 7.2.

Genus   Length ratio
Species Locality p3 p4 m1 m2 m3
Deinogalerix            
D. masinii Fissure M013 4.14 3.80 2.91 2.39 2.34
D. freudenthali Fissure F15 5.08 4.52 3.50 2.87 2.87
D. minor Various fissures 4.99 4.20 3.61 2.68 2.26
D. brevirostris Fissure SG Low 5.94 4.91 3.98 2.87 2.79
D. samniticus sp. nov. SCT246 Scontrone 5.23 5.88 4.04 2.65 2.79
Deinogalerix sp. Scontrone 4.22 4.86 3.41    
D. intermedius Various fissures 6.08 5.61 4.35 3.07 2.79
D. koenigswaldi Fissures SG and SG Low 6.95 5.99 4.83 3.32 2.97
Parasorex            
P. socialis La Grive 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00

 

 

 

TABLE 5. Lengths of p3 and p4 of single specimens of Deinogalerix. Raw data for Figure 8.

Species Locality Specimen Source Lp3 Lp4
D. masinii Fissure M013 PU128502 Villier et al., 2013 6.9 8.4
D. freudenthali Fissure F15 F15-015 This paper 7.3 8.5
D. minor Fissure Fina H RGM178184 Butler, 1980 8.5 8.8
  Fissure Gervasio RGM179174 Butler, 1980 8.4 8.5
D. intermedius Fissure Nazario 4 RGM179063 Butler, 1980 10.0 10.7
  WG 354 294 RGM178085/086 Butler, 1980 8.9 9.7
D. brevirostris Fissure SG Low RGM179232 Butler, 1980 10.0 10.1
D. koenigswaldi Fissure SG RGM177778 Villier, 2012 11.3 12.2
  Fissure SG RGM177779 Villier, 2012 11.2 11.8
  Fissure SG RGM179145 Villier, 2012 10.8 12.0
  Fissure SG RGM179147 Villier, 2012 11.4 12.3
  Fissure SG RGM179148 Villier, 2012 12.2 12.0
  Fissure SG RGM179149 Villier, 2012 11.4 11.8
  Fissure SG RGM179193 Villier, 2012 11.5 10.7
  Fissure SG Low RGM179206 Villier, 2012 11.2 11.7
  Fissure SG Low RGM179224 Villier, 2012 11.5 11.5
D. samniticus sp. nov. Scontrone SCT 246 This paper 8.8 12.1
  Scontrone SCT 243 This paper 7.1 10.0