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TABLE 1. List of samples used in aDNA extraction and associated 14C dates.

 

DNA sample

Number in collection

Description

Age BP (Laboratory no.)

Calibrated age

CB4

KIII/220

Fragment of upper canine

41500±1100

(Poz-35024)

45034±1160

CB5

KV

Left ulna

> 49000

(Poz-35025)

NA

 

TABLE 2. Radiocarbon dates for the oldest known cave bear remains from different localities, in which Ursus ingressuswas reported.

 

Locality

Date (yr BP)

Reference

Nied?wiedzia Cave, Poland (CB4)

41,500

This study

Nied?wiedzia Cave, Poland (CB5)

> 49,000

This study

Nerubajskoe, Ukraine

> 52,450

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Pe?tera cu Oase Cave, Romania

51,453

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Medvedia Cave, Slovakia

51,100

Sabol et al. (2008)

Divje babe I Cave, Slovenia

50,400

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Vindija Cave, Croatia

48,990

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Tayn, Secrets Cave, Russia

47,600

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Gamssulzen Cave, Austria

47,300

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Krina jama Cave, Slovenia

45,400

Pacher and Stuart (2009)

Serpievskaya Cave, Russia

44,050

Stiller et al. (2010)