Articles

FIGURE 1. Tanypodinae, Chironominae, Orthocladiinae, Diamesinae

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FIGURE 2. Tanypodinae

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FIGURE 3. Ablabesmyia

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FIGURE 4. Guttipelopia

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FIGURE 5. Krenopelopia

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FIGURE 6. Labrundinia

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FIGURE 7. Monopelopia

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FIGURE 8. Paramerina

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FIGURE 9. Procladius

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FIGURE 10. Summary of Tanypodinae

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FIGURE 11. Tanytarsini

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FIGURE 12. Corynocera ambigua

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FIGURE 13. Corynocera oliveri-type

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FIGURE 14. Tanytarsus lugens-type

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FIGURE 15. Cladotanytarsus mancus-type

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FIGURE 16. Cladotanytarsus mancus-type Poland

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FIGURE 17. Cladotanytarsus type Poland

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FIGURE 18. Pseudochironomus

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FIGURE 19. Cladotanytarsus and Pseudochironomus

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FIGURE 20. Constempellina

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FIGURE 21. Micropsectra insignilobus-type

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FIGURE 22. Micropsectra radialis-type

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FIGURE 23. Paratanytarsus

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FIGURE 24. Stempellina

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FIGURE 25. Stempellinella Poland

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FIGURE 26. Three taxa with ventromental plates wider than longer

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FIGURE 27. Tanytarsus chinyensis-type

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FIGURE 28. Tanytarsus glabrescens-type

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FIGURE 29. Tanytarsus type Poland

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FIGURE 30. Tanytarsus lactescens-type Poland

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FIGURE 31. Tanytarsus lugens-type

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FIGURE 32. Tanytarsus mendax-type

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FIGURE 33. Tanytarsus pallidicornis-type

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FIGURE 34. Tanytarsus special Poland

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FIGURE 35. Summary of Tanytarsini types with spur on the pedestal

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FIGURE 36. Characteristics of Chironomini

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FIGURE 37. Chironomini larvula

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FIGURE 38. Chironomus anthracinus-type

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FIGURE 39. Chironomus plumosus-type

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FIGURE 40. Cladopelma laccophilia-type

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FIGURE 41. Cladopelma lateralis-type

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FIGURE 42. Cryptochironomus

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FIGURE 43. Dicrotendipes nervosus-type

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FIGURE 44. Endochironomus albipennis-type

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FIGURE 45. Endochironomus impar-type

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FIGURE 46. Endochironomus tendens-type

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FIGURE 47. Glyptotendipes barbipes-type

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FIGURE 48. Glyptotendipes pallens-type

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FIGURE 49. Glyptotendipes severini-type

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FIGURE 50. Lauterborniella

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FIGURE 51. Microchironomus

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FIGURE 52. Microtendipes pedellus-type

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FIGURE 53. Pagastiella

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FIGURE 54. Parachironomus varus-type

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FIGURE 55. Paracladopelma

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FIGURE 56. Paratendipes albimanus-type

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FIGURE 57. Phaenopsectra flavipes-type

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FIGURE 58. Phaenopsectra type A

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FIGURE 59. Polypedilum nubeculosum-type

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FIGURE 60. Polypedilum sordens-type

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FIGURE 61. Sergentia

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FIGURE 62. Stictochironomus rosenschoeldi-type

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FIGURE 63. Differences between the head capsules with three or four median teeth on the mentum and compressedlateral teeth

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FIGURE 64. Orthocladiinae

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FIGURE 65. Chaetocladius piger-type

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FIGURE 66. Corynoneura arctica-type

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FIGURE 67. Corynoneura coronata-type

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FIGURE 68. Corynoneura coronata-type Poland

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FIGURE 69. Corynoneura lobata-type

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FIGURE 70. Corynoneura type A

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FIGURE 71. Differences between the different types of Corynoneura

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FIGURE 72. Cricotopus cylindraceus-type Poland

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FIGURE 73. Orthocladius type S

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FIGURE 74. Cricotopus intersectus-type

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FIGURE 75. Cricotopus laricomalis-type

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FIGURE 76. Cricotopus bicinctus-type

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FIGURE 77. Orthocladius

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FIGURE 78. Summary of Cricotopus/Orthocladius

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FIGURE 79. Diplocladius

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FIGURE 80. Epoiocladius

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FIGURE 81. Eukiefferiella/Tvetenia

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FIGURE 82. Heterotanytarsus

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FIGURE 83. Heterotrissocladius grimshawi-type

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FIGURE 84. Heterotrissocladius marcidus-type

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FIGURE 85. Heterotrissocladius maeaeri-type

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FIGURE 86. Heterotrissocladius maeaeri-type 2

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FIGURE 87. Heterotrissocladius subpilosus-type

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FIGURE 88. Summary of Heterotrissocladius types

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FIGURE 89. Hydrobaenus

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FIGURE 90. Limnophyes

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FIGURE 91. Nanocladius branchicolus-type

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FIGURE 92. Nanocladius rectinervis-type

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FIGURE 93. Paracladius

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FIGURE 94. Paracricotopus

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FIGURE 95. Parakiefferiella bathophila-type

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FIGURE 96. Parakiefferiella triquetra-type

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FIGURE 97. Parametriocnemus

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FIGURE 98. Propsilocerus

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FIGURE 99. Psectrocladius sordidellus-type 1

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FIGURE 100. Psectrocladius sordidellus-type 2

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FIGURE 101. Psectrocladius calcaratus-type

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FIGURE 102. Psectrocladius septentrionalis-type

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FIGURE 103. Psectrocladius barbatipes-type

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FIGURE 104. Summary of Psectrocladius types

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FIGURE 105. Pseudosmittia

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FIGURE 106. Smittia

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FIGURE 107. Symposiocladius

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FIGURE 108. Zalutschia type B

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FIGURE 109. Zalutschia zalutschicola-type

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FIGURE 110. Diamesa

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FIGURE 111. Protanypus

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FIGURE 112. Monodiamesa

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FIGURE 113. Prodiamesa

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TABLE 1. Characteristics of the Polish lakes.

Lake Name Latitude Longitude WT surf °C WT Bot °C O2surf mg/l O2 bot mg/l pH Conduc µS cm Depth m May °C June °C July °C August °C Nitrates ug/l Phosphorous ug/l
                               
M?ciszewickie 54º15'44.4" 17º51'03.9" 20.9 7.8 11.5 0.13 10.15 116 8 12.7 14 17.3 16.7 13.17 0.24
Kamionko 54º14'48.3" 18º02'53.7" 20 7.1 9.7 0.05 7.12 61 12 12.9 14.2 17.5 16.9 0.71 0.04
Rekowo 54º19'31.8" 18º07'19.7" 19.2 8.4 8.32 0.71 8.24 305 10 12.8 14.3 17.5 17 0.98 0.22
Bukowiec 53º45'05.9" 15º45'45.3" 23.2 10.2 8.2 0.15 8.26 199 6 13.4 15 17.7 17.1 0.37 0.03
Suminko 54º11'12.0'' 17º48'00.0'' 19.5 4.6 9.68 0.04 8.57 228 15 13.1 14.4 17.7 17.1 0.69 0.03
Wierzchowo 53º51'34.7" 16º40'19.7" 22 8.3 9.98 0.21 9.05 254 23 13.3 14.8 17.7 17 1.15 0.05
Rzuno 54º00'46.7" 17º46'18.2" 23.1 6.3 9.52 0.1 8.88 172 20 13.4 14.6 17.9 17.1 0.95 0.03
Średnik 54º03'29.3" 18º04'58.2" 18.4 7 10.93 0.04 8.74 330 11 13.4 14.6 17.9 17.2 1.75 0.09
Dubie 53º30'31.2" 15º40'38.6" 25.4 4.1 9.03 0 8.72 312 25 14 15.4 18 17.2 0.91 0.04
Błotno 53º19'35.8" 15º29'42.7" 23 7.4 9.86 0.03 8.66 848 11 14.1 15.5 18.1 17.3 1.80 0.05
Dobińskie 53º14'02.0" 16º32'25.1" 23.9 5.8 9.47 0.02 8.71 325 10 14.4 15.5 18.3 17.2 3.60 0.06
Sumile 53º15'38.0" 16º19'30.4" 24.5 9.4 14.7 0.32 9.76 272 6 14.4 15.5 18.3 17.2 3.39 0.09
Szczycienko 53º45'43.5" 17º12'23.3" 22.7 13.8 10.9 0.9 8.94 277 8 14.1 15.1 18.3 17.5 1.34 0.05
Szerokie 53º13'22.1" 15º54'24.6" 23.6 7 9.87 0 8.66 212 13 14.4 15.6 18.4 17.5 0.29 0.03
Trzebieszki 53º21'08.9" 16º37'20.8" 23.8 5.4 9.4 0 8.56 278 18 14.3 15.4 18.5 17.6 0.84 0.04
Dołgie 53º00'13.2" 14º37'39.0" 25.3 17.6 8.78 0.13 8.46 539 5 14.8 16 18.6 18.1 0.97 0.04
Renickie 52º54'53.8" 14º55'43.6" 24.2 15.5 15.38 0.34 8.73 635 5 14.8 15.9 18.6 18.1 1.68 0.06
Śmiardówka 53º21'31.1" 17º07'58.9" 23 12.2 11.2 0.5 9.12 338 7 14.4 15.3 18.6 17.8 0.86 0.11
Buszewo 52º55'10.9" 15º24'34.0" 24.3 8 8.94 0.7 8.42 414 9 14.7 15.9 18.7 17.9 0.84 0.04
Sarcze 53º03'36.5" 16º27'42.2" 24.1 12.1 12.2 0.09 9.14 296 6 14.7 15.8 18.7 17.8 1.03 0.06
Kościelne 54º15'06.8" 22º38'49.9" 22.4 14.9     8.65 355 6 13.2 14.4 18.8 16.3 0.25 0.08
Krzywe 53º22'54.0" 17º52'34.3" 18.9 4.9 9.04 0 8.43 543 16 14.4 15.4 18.8 18 1.31 0.06
Czarne 53º17'06.3" 19º15'42.7" 23.5 8.5     8.57 365 11 13.3 14.5 18.9 16.4 2.50 0.04
Długie 53º49'10.2" 20º01'22.3" 19.9 6.3 9.8 0 9.11 46 15 13.6 15.1 18.9 17.6 0.62 0.30
Gil 53º49'45.3" 19º59'12.3" 19.3 7.7 9.27 0 8.54 295 20 13.6 15.1 18.9 17.6 1.28 0.01
Szurpiły 54º13'48.9" 22º53'53.1" 23.6 4.4     8.56 334 41 13.3 14.5 18.9 16.4 0.53 0.06
Archidiakonka 53º11'57.5" 18º36'32.6" 20.4 12 8.78 0.15 8.71 472 7 14.7 15.6 19 18.3 2.28 0.10
Giławy 53º42'44.6" 20º49'09.7" 19.7 19.5 8.1 8.45 8.14 365 3 13.5 15.1 19 17.3 1.15 0.03
Plińskie Duże 53º36'00.9" 19º01'24.7" 19.2 6.5 8.5 0 8.43 388 16 14.2 15.5 19 18.1 1.59 0.04
Salno 53º29'17.3" 18º57'28.8" 19.1 5.9 7.78 2.71 8.41 417 16 14.3 15.5 19 18.1 1.70 0.06
Borówko 53º45'58.4" 21º11'25.2" 19.8 5.9 10.09 0.07 8.96 274 8 13.6 15.3 19.2 17.4 2.45 0.03
Dobrzyń 53º62'41.9" 22º08'02.9" 19.8 6.1 8.45 0 8.59 319 20 13.6 15 19.2 16.9 0.09 0.07
Gorzyńskie 52º34'05.9" 15º53'08.5" 24.8 4.3 8.78 0.4 8.47 435 31 15 16.3 19.2 18.8 0.77 0.03
Priamy 53º32'10.7" 20º36'55.4" 19 4.6 11.7 0 9.38 220 20 14.1 15.4 19.2 17.8 0.58 0.37
Trąbińskie 53º05'05.1" 19º17'27.6" 19.8 7.5 8.4 0.03 8.54 478 12 14.5 15.5 19.2 18.2 1.00 0.18
Wąsoskie 52º56'47.6" 17º44'23.2" 23.6 6.1 9 0 8.59 645 26 15 15.9 19.2 18.4 0.79 0.03
Brożówka 54º05'34.7" 21º57'00.4" 19.8 9.7 8.8 0.13 8.71 313 7 13.8 15.1 19.3 17.1 4.13 0.08
Czarne 54º06'56.6" 22º28'13.5" 20.2 8 9.5 0.5 8.55 520 12 14.6 15.6 19.3 18.3 1.16 0.05
Jędzelewo 53º56'10.3" 22º08'27.8" 19.2 8.7 7.8 0 8.25 427 12 13.7 15.1 19.3 17 1.09 0.10
Kiernoz W 53º31'49.4" 20º28'26.1" 19.3 6.7 9.8 0 8.56 333 15 14.1 15.4 19.3 17.8 <0,20 0.07
Łazduny 53º51'24.0'' 21º57'30.0'' 20.4 4.4 9.3 0.12 8.51 342 18 13.7 15.1 19.3 17 1.29 0.03
Łękuk Wielki 54º07'32.5" 22º01'41.6" 19.5 5 7.4 0 8.53 310 12 13.8 15.1 19.3 17.1 1.24 0.06
Stępuchowskie 52º48'54.5" 17º24'23.9" 24.8 13.8 11.46 0.11 8.82 742 7 15.1 16.1 19.3 18.6 2.69 0.06
Stęszewskie 52º31'02.8" 17º10'26.5" 24.2 6 10.1 0 8.45 492 12 15.1 16 19.3 18.5 0.95 0.02
Szóstak 53º58'34.2" 22º09'09.5" 20.1 7.4 9.66 0.19 8.8 327 22 13.7 15.1 19.3 17 1.34 0.06
Kępno 53º46'12.0'' 22º06'36.0'' 20.3 6.2 9.2 0.02 8.56 299 17 13.8 15.3 19.4 17.1 <0,20 0.02
Kuchenne 52º37'19.1" 16º15'22.0" 26.2 8.2 8.6 0.1 8.87 472 16 15.4 16.4 19.4 18.7 1.12 0.04
Żabińskie 54º07'54.0" 21º58'59.1" 19.7 3.7 9.77 0 8.59 348 41 13.8 15.1 19.4 17.2 2.02 0.05
Zyzdrój Mały 53º37'17.8" 21º18'36.4" 19.1 6.7 9.6 0 8.63 320 12 13.8 15.5 19.4 17.3 1.09 0.03
Maciejak 52º39'07.2" 17º08'40.8" 26.3 13.7 22.3 0 9.16 538 6 15.3 16.2 19.5 18.7 1.82 0.20
    MAX 26.3 19.5 22.3 8.45 10.15 848 41 15.4 16.4 19.5 18.8 13.17 0.372
    MIN 7.4 0 7.12 46 3 12.7 14 17.3 16.3 0.09 0.006 0 0
    Gradient 18.9 19.5 15.18 -37.55 7.15 835.3 27 -1.9 0.1 19.41 18.794 13.17 0.372
 
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The Polish sub-fossil chironomids

Isabelle Larocque-Tobler

Plain Language Abstract

This paper presents 104 subfossil chironomid taxa which were found in the surface sediment of 50 Polish lakes and in the sediment of Lake Zabinksie, for the past 1000 years. These illustrations are a useful complement to other guides as many pictures illustrate the specificities head capsules can have in different regions. The images are provided as a "flip-through" visual guide, not as an official guide with keys. The illustrations are made both for the beginner and more advanced chironomists.

Resumen en Español

Quironómidos subfósiles de Polonia

En este artículo se estudian algunas de las cápsulas cefálicas de quironómidos halladas en sedimentos superficiales de cincuenta lagos del noreste de Polonia, incluyendo los taxones encontrados en los sedimentos del lago Zabinskie, correspondientes a los últimos mil años. En este trabajo se presentan 104 de los 119 taxones hallados. Muchos de ellos ya habían sido descritos por Brooks et al. (2007), pero algunos son ligeramente diferentes. Las ilustraciones y descripciones del presente trabajo podrán ser usadas por quironomistas de todo el mundo para establecer comparaciones con su propio material.

Palabras clave: Chironomidae; Polonia, 50 lagos; lago Zabinskie

Traducción: Miguel Company

Résumé en Français

Les sous-fossiles de chironomes polonais

Cet article présente quelques capsules céphaliques de chironomes trouvés dans les sédiments de surface de 50 lacs dans le nord-est de la Pologne, ainsi que des taxons trouvés dans les sédiments du lac Zabinskie (ces dernières 1000 années). Sur les 119 taxons trouvés, 104 sont présentés ici. De nombreux taxons ont été décrits précédemment dans Brooks et al. (2007), mais certains sont légèrement différents. Les illustrations et les descriptions présentées dans ce document peuvent être utilisées par les chironomistes partout dans le monde en comparaison avec leur propre matériel.

Mots-clés: Chironomidae, Pologne, 50 lacs, le lac Zabinskie

Translator: Kenny J. Travouillon

Deutsche Zusammenfassung

Die polnischen sub-fossilen Chironomiden

Diese Arbeit stellt einige der Kopf-Kapseln von Chironomiden vor, die im Oberflächensediment von 50 Seen in Nordost-Polen gefunden wurden und Taxa die im Sediment (über 1000 Jahre) des Zabinskie Sees gefunden wurden. Von den 119 gefundenen Taxa sind 104 hier präsentiert. Viele Taxa wurden vorher schon bei Brooks et al. (2007) beschrieben aber einige sind geringfügig verschieden. Die Zeichnungen und Beschreibungen die hier vorgestellte werden, können von jedem Chironmisten überall auf der Welt benutzt werden, um Vergleiche mit dem eigenen Material anzustellen.

Keywords: Chironomidae; Polen, 50 Seen; Zabinskie See

Translator: Eva Gebauer

Arabic

391 arab

Translator: Ashraf M.T. Elewa

 

 

authorIsabelle Larocque-Tobler
L.A.K.E.S Institute
Dreihubelweg 68
3250 Lyss
Switzerland
and Institute of Geography
University of Bern
Erlachstrasse 9A
3012 Bern
Switzerland
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Prof. Dr. Isabelle Larocque-Tobler is CEO of The L.A.K.E.S. Institute and scientific collaborator at the University of Bern, Switzerland. She has more than 15 years experience working with sub-fossil chironomids for climate and environmental reconstructions. She has published more than 40 papers on chironomids and numerous reports. She is associate editor of Journal of Paleolimnology

She is Canadian but has been living in Switzerland for the past 6 years. She has two children (5 and 8 years).