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FIGURE 1. Dental terminology used in this paper (after Zazhigin and Lopatin, 2000, modified by author). Right M1-M2: 1. anterostyle; 2. anterocone; 3. anteroloph; 4. protocone; 5. protostyle; 6. anterior endoloph; 7. mesoloph; 8. hipocone; 9. posterostyle; 10. posterior endosinus; 11. posteroloph; 12. metacone; 13. mesoloph; 14. mesostyle; 15. paracone; Left m1-m2: 1. anteroconid; 2. metaconid; 3. mesostilid; 4. mesoconid; 5. entoconid; 6. posterolophid; 7. hypoconid; 8. posterostylid; 9. ectomesolophid; 10. ectostylid; 11. ectolophid; 12. protoconid; 13. labial arm of the anterolophid; 14. lingual arm of anterolophid; 15. posterior ectosinusid; 16. posterior ectolophid; 17. anterostylid.

PE Note: see Erratum for corrected figure caption

 figure 1

FIGURE 2. Geological map of the Late Miocene terrestrial sediments of the Balta Formation exposed in Cimishlia District, showing the location of the paleontological localities Chimishlia, Gradishte, Gura Galbene.

figure 2 

FIGURE 3. Lophocricetus cimishliensis sp. nov. (1-23) from the Turolian of Republic of Moldova: 1 - holotype, jaw fragment with P4-M2 (MNEIN Loph/GG-1); 2 - M1 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-1); 3 - M1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-1); 4 - M1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-2); 5 - M1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-3); 6 - M1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-4); 7 - M2 (MNEIN Loph/GG-3); 8 - M2 (MNEIN Loph/GG-4); 9 - M2 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-8); 10 - M2 (MNEIN Loph Gr-9); 11 - M2 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-4); 12 - m1 (MNEIN Loph/GG-5); 13 - m1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-10); 14 - m1 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-5); 15 - m1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-11); 16 - m1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr-12); 17 - m1(MNEIN Loph/GG-6); 18 - m2 (MNEIN Loph/GG-11); 19 - m2 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-8); 20 - m2 (MNEIN Loph/GG-12); 21 - m2 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-9); 22 - m2 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-610; 23 - m2 (MNEIN Loph/Cim-11). Scale= 1mm. Etymology: named after Chimishliya (= Cimișlia) District where fossils were found. Holotype: maxillary fragment with P4-M2 (MNEIN Loph/GG-1). Paratypes: Chimishliya: 3 M1, 2 M2, 2 m1, 6 m2 (MNEIN Loph/Cim1-13); Gura Galbene: 2 M1, 2 M2, 6 m1, 3 m2 (MNEIN Loph/GG 1-13); Gradishte: 7 M1, 2 M2, 7 m1 (MNEIN Loph/Gr 1-16).

figure 3 

FIGURE 4. Length/Width diagrams of M1 of L. cimishliensis. 1. Chimishliya 2. Gura Galbene 3. Gradishte.

 figure 4

FIGURE 5. Length/Width diagrams of M2 of L. cimishliensis. 1. Chimishliya 2. Gura Galbene 3. Gradishte.

figure 5 

FIGURE 6. Length/Width diagrams of m1 of L. cimishliensis.1. Chimishliya 2. Gura Galbene 3. Gradishte.

 figure 6

FIGURE 7. Length/Width diagrams of m1 of L. cimishliensis. 1. Chimishliya 2. Gura Galbene.

 figure 7

FIGURE 8. Ranges of size variation (in millimetres) in the upper dentition of genera Lophocricetus.

 figure 8

FIGURE 9. Ranges of size variation (in millimetres) in the lower dentition of genera Lophocricetus.

 figure 9

 

 

The caption of Figure 1 was misprinted in Delinschi, A. 2014. A new Turolian species Lophocricetus cimishliensis (Rodentia, Zapodidae) from the Republic of Moldova. Palaeontologia Electronica Vol. 17, Issue 3;35A; 13p (palaeo-electronica.org/content/2014/923-new-dipodid-from-moldova).  The following is the correct caption. 
Published 18 January 2015

FIGURE 1. Figure 1. Dental terminology used in this paper (after Zazhigin and Lopatin 2000, modified by author).  Upper dentition: 1. antercone; 2. paracone; 3. mesostyle; 4. mesoloph; 5. metacone; 6.posteroloph; 7. hypocone; 8. posterostyle (hypostyle); 9. mesocone; 10. anterior endoloph; 11. protostyle; 12. protocone; 13. anteroloph. Lower dentition: 1. anteroconid; 2. protoconid; 3. ectolophid; 4. ectostilylid; 5. ectomesolophid; 6. posterostylid; 7. hypoconid; 8. posterolophid; 9. entoconid; 10. mezoconid; 11. mesostylid; 12. metaconid; 13. lingual arm of the anterolophid; 14. labial arm of the anterolophid; 15. anterostylid; 16. posterior ectolophid.

 

delinschiAndrian Delinschi
National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History of Moldova
82 Kogălniceanu Str.
2009, Chișinău
Republic of Moldova
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

His research focuses on the taxonomy and paleobiogeography of Late Miocene small mammals of the Moldavian Plate. He has been paleontologist on National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History of Moldova and at present made several paleontological interventions in localities with small mammalian fauna of Vallesian and Turolian age.

 

TABLE 1. Measurements of upper and lower teeth (in mm) of Lophocricetus from Eastern Europe and Asia.

  Lophocricetus cimishliensis
himishliya MN12
Lophocricetus vcimishliensis
Gura Galbene MN12
Lophocricetus cimishliensis

Gradishte MN12

L. minuscilus Savinov, 1977 Cherevichnoe

MN12 Topacevski et al. (1984)

L. minuscilus Savinov, 1977

Kazahstan Petropavlovsk 1A MN10 Savinov (1977)

Lophocricetus complicidens Topacevski et al. 1984

Novoelizavetovka MN11 Topacevski et al. (1984)

L. vinogradovi Savinov, 1970

Gusinai Pelelet MN12 Savinov (1970)

L. reliquus, Zazhigin et al. 2002

Hirghis-Nur Mongolia, MN13 Zazhigin et al. (2002)

“L. saraicus” Zazhigin et al. 2002

Olkohon island Irkutsk (MN 12) Zazhigin et al. (2002)

L. grabaui Schlosser, 1924

Ertemte 2 China, (MN13). Qiu (1985)

L. xianensis Qiu et al., 2008

Loc.19, Lantian Country, China
Early Late Miocene Qiu et al. (2008)

“L. gansus” Zheng, 1982

Builstyn Khudag, Mongolia,
Late Miocene Daxner-Hock(2001)

Length M1

Width

1.40-1.43

n=3

0.95-1.11

1.79

n=2

1.17-1.23

1.40-1.63

n=7

0.96-1.13

-

-

1.50-1.55

n=2

1.05 - 1.10

2.0

1.4

1.6-2.0

n=53

1.2-1.55;1.35

1.675-1.75

n=3

1.25-1.325

1.85-2.0

n=6

1.35-1.52

1.60-2.35

n=168

1.10-1.85

1.55-1.65

n=5

1.05-1.15

1.48-1.95

n=66

1.00-1.25

Length M2

Width

1.24-1.33

n=2

0.82-0.90

1.33-1.55

n=3

1.04-1.17

1.36-1.51

n=2

1.05-1.10

-

-

-

-

1.65

1.35

1.25-1.70

n= 41

1.0-1.4

1.3

1.15

1.45-1.65

n=6

1.2-1.32

1,20-1.95

n=157

1.08-1.60

1.25-1.55

n=5

0.95-1.10

1.20-1.59;1.35

n=34

0.86-1.14

Length M3

Width

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.85

1.00

0.75-0.95

N=12

0.5-1.15

-

-

 

0.70-1.00

n=59

0.85-1.15

-

-

0.68-0.80;0.72

n=11

0.66-0.77

Length m1

Width

1.67

n=1

1.01

1.40-1.63

n=6

1.03 - 1.16

1.41-1.56

n=7

1.03-1.13

1.40

1.00

1.50

0.95

1.7-1.8

1.2-1.3

1.55-2.0

n=34

1.05-1.35

-

-

1.52-1.75

n=11

1.15-1.325

1.50-2.19

n=196

1.01-1.69

1.10

n=3

1.05-1.10

1.20-1.68;1.44

n=75

0.86-1.14

Length m2

Width

1.36-1.56

n=7

1.03-1.27

1.41-1.47

n=3

1.15-1.20

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.60-1.65

1.3-1.4

1.3-1.7

n=35

1.1-1.5

-

-

1.4-1.625

n=10

1.2-1.4

1.35-1.90

n=170

1.20-1.64

1.30-1.45

n=6

0.95-1.10

1.23-1.52

n=65

0.86-1.36

Length m3

Width

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.8-2.15

n=11

0.8-0.95

-

-

0.925-1.025

n=4

0.825-0.95

0.78-1.26

n=88

0.72-1.10

-

-

0.80-0.93;0.89

n=15

0.68-0.77

 
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A new Turolian species Lophocricetus cimishliensis (Rodentia, Zapodidae) from the Republic of Moldova

Andrian Delinschi

Plain Language Abstract

The assemblage with Lophoricetus from the Chimishliya District (Chimishliya, Gura Galbene, Gradishte), is the richest record of this genus from the Turolian (Late Miocene) sediments of the Republic of Moldova. L. cimishliensis from the Chimishliya District, is smaller than the majority of the Lophocricetus species. The molars of this new species distinctly differ from those of all other Lophocricetus species.

The study of L. cimishliensis, promises interesting results on evolution and distribution of Lophocricetus, as well as on biostratigraphy and faunal evolution in Eastern Europe.

This genus is of peculiar interest, since it did not penetrate into Western Europe, due to orographic, climatic, biological or other barriers.

Resumen en Español

text

Traducción: Enrique Peñalver

Résumé en Français

Une nouvelle espèce de Turolien Lophocricetus cimishliensis (Rodentia, Zapodidae) de la République de Moldovie

Une nouvelle espèce de Lophocricetus, L. cimishliensis, provenant de trois localités du Miocène supérieur de la République de Moldovie est décrite. Toutes les trois localités du Miocène supérieur (Chimishliya, Gura Galbene et Gradishte,) sont situées le long de la rivière Kogylnik, entre les rivières Dniestr et Prut, district de Chimishliya, sud de la Moldavie. Elles produisent divers fossiles de mammifères, comprenant plusieurs lagomorphes, rongeurs et insectivores: Parasorex socialis von Meyer, 1865; Alilepus laskarewi Khomenko 1914; Euroxenomys minutum (Meyer, 1838); Myomimus dehmi (De Bruijn, 1966) / maritsensis De Bruijn et al. 1970 – des groupes d'espèces; Vasseuromys cf. pannonicus (Kretzoi, 1978); Kowalskia progressa Topachevski et Scorik, 1992; Apodemus aff. barbarae (Van de Weerd, 1976); etc), qui sont caractéristiques de l'âge Turolien. Lophocricetus cimishliensis diffère des autres espèces de son genre par sa petite taille, et le mesocone / le mesoconid et le style / les stylids plus développées. La comparaison de la nouvelle espèce avec les autres espèces de Lophocricetus de l'Europe de l'Est et en Asie permet de reconstruire leurs relations phylogénétiques au cours du Miocène supérieur de l'Europe. Nos données suggèrent deux scénarios possibles: cette espèce pourrait descendre d'un ancêtre d'Europe de l'Est ou d'une population asiatique.

Mots clés: Rodentia; Zapodidae; Lophocricetus; systématique; Turolien; République de Moldovie

Translator: Kenny J. Travouillon

Deutsche Zusammenfassung

Eine neue Art Lophocricetus cimishliensis (Rodentia, Zapodidae) aus dem Turolium der Republik Moldavien

Eine neue Art von Lophocricetus, L. cimishliensis, aus drei spätmiozänen Lokalitäten der Republik Moldavien ist beschrieben. Alle drei spätmiozänen Lokalitäten (Chimishliya, Gura Galbene und Gradishte) liegen entlang des Kogylnik Flusses zwischen dem Dniester und dem Prut Fluß im Chimishliya Distrikt, südliches Moldavien. Sie beinhalten diverse Säugetierfossilien, einschließlich mehrerer Hasenartiger, Nagetiere und Insektenfresser: Parasorex socialis von Meyer, 1865; Alilepus laskarewi Khomenko, 1914; Euroxenomys minutum (Meyer, 1838); Myomimus dehmi (De Bruijn, 1966) / maritsensis De Bruijn et al. 1970 – Gruppe von Arten; Vasseuromys cf. pannonicus (Kretzoi, 1978); Kowalskia progressa Topachevski und Scorik, 1992; Apodemus aff. barbarae (Van de Weerd, 1976); etc.), die charakteristisch im Turoluim sind. Lophocricetus cimishliensis unterscheidet sich von den anderen Arten dieser Gattung durch seine kleinere Größe und den stärker entwickelten Mesocon/Mesoconid sowie Styl/Stylid. Ein Vergleich zwischen der neuen Art mit anderen Lophocricetus -Arten aus Osteuropa und Asien erlaubt es die phylogenetischen Beziehungen im späten Miozän von Europa zu rekonstruieren. Unsere Daten weisen auf zwei mögliche Szenarien hin: diese Art könnte von einem osteuropäischen Vorfahren oder einer asiatischen Population abstammen.

Schlüsselwörter: Rodentia; Zapodidae; Lophocricetus; Systematik; Turolium; Republik Moldavien

Translator: Eva Gebauer

Arabic

423 arab

Translator: Ashraf M.T. Elewa