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TABLE 1. Measurements in millimetres of the lower and upper teeth of V. rambliensis sp. nov. from PF1.

 

Element

Parameter

n

min.

mean

Max.

d4

L

2

0.91

0.94

0.96

 

W

2

0.83

0.88

0.93

 

 

 

 

 

 

p4

L

1

 

1.10

 

 

W

1

 

1.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m1

L

2

1.24

1.30

1.36

 

W

1

 

1.33

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m2

L

5

1.40

1.46

1.51

 

W

5

1.34

1.42

1.49

 

 

 

 

 

 

m3

L

5

1.27

1.35

1.44

 

W

5

1.22

1.28

1.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

D4

L

4

0.81

0.87

0.94

 

W

4

0.94

0.99

1.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

P4

L

3

1.04

1.07

1.10

 

W

2

1.34

1.35

1.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

M1

L

1

 

1.40

 

 

W

1

 

1.67

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M2

L

4

1.29

1.40

1.49

 

W

4

1.69

1.78

1.83

 

 

 

 

 

 

M3

L

1

 

1.25

 

 

W

1

 

1.40

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE 2. Measurement values of concavity in V. rambliensis sp. nov. of PF1 (12 specimens; 2 m1 inf. ant., 1 m1 inf. post., 4 m2 inf. ant., 4 m2 inf. post., 1 m1 sup. ant., 1 m1 sup. post., 4 m2 sup. ant. and 5 m2 sup. post. profiles) and comparison with V. autolensis from Autol 1 (1 specimen) and V. duplex from Harami 1 (1 specimen). For more detail see Freudenthal and Martín-Suárez (2007b). Abbreviations: S, surface of concavity profile; w, maximum width of the molar as seen in the profile; b, distance between x and y; h, maximum depth of the concavity; r, radius of the best-fitting circle.

 

m1 inf. ant.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis mean

0.60

10.00

5.55

0.24

0.11

0.04

3.94

0.09

0.68

1.27

71.65

4.15

V. cristinae mean

1.24

10.00

6.95

0.38

0.18

0.06

5.30

0.07

0.66

0.95

50.90

0.34

V. duplex

1.98

10.00

7.01

0.52

0.28

0.07

10.61

0.05

0.33

0.47

61.4

0.05

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m1 inf. post.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis

1.42

9.96

6.56

0.39

0.22

0.06

4.97

0.08

0.66

1.00

44.6

0.20

V. cristinae mean

2.46

10.00

6.41

0.77

0.38

0.12

4.13

0.18

0.78

1.22

49.73

0.14

V. duplex

2.96

10.00

7.53

0.71

0.39

0.09

8.84

0.08

0.43

0.57

54.3

0.06

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m2 inf. ant.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis mean

1.94

10.00

6.52

0.61

0.30

0.10

4.39

0.14

0.75

1.15

54.98

0.19

V. cristinae mean

2.27

10.00

6.62

0.66

0.34

0.10

4.80

0.14

0.69

1.05

67.28

0.19

V. autolensis

2.92

10.00

7.09

0.77

0.41

0.11

7.44

0.10

0.48

0.67

65.8

0.09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m2 inf. post.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis mean

1.49

10.00

6.23

0.40

0.23

0.06

4.51

0.09

0.69

1.12

70.33

0.23

V. cristinae mean

2.33

10.00

6.39

0.65

0.36

0.10

4.34

0.15

0.74

1.17

69.73

0.20

V. autolensis

4.42

10.00

7.25

1.07

0.61

0.15

5.70

0.19

0.64

0.88

57.0

0.10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m1 sup. ant.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis

3.12

10.00

7.75

0.71

0.40

0.09

5.24

0.14

0.74

0.95

58.3

0.19

V. cristinae mean

2.85

10.00

6.06

0.85

0.47

0.14

3.91

0.22

0.78

1.29

52.17

0.10

V. autolensis

4.44

10.00

7.42

1.04

0.60

0.14

7.09

0.15

0.52

0.71

61.7

0.07

V. duplex

4.30

10.00

7.60

0.95

0.57

0.13

7.80

0.12

0.49

0.64

47.7

0.04

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m1 sup. post.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis

3.77

10.00

8.21

0.78

0.46

0.10

5.66

0.14

0.72

0.88

65.3

0.24

V. cristinae mean

3.64

10.00

7.14

0.91

0.51

0.13

4.57

0.20

0.79

1.10

55.43

0.16

V. autolensis

4.18

10.00

7.48

1.07

0.56

0.14

6.05

0.18

0.62

0.83

53.7

0.09

V. duplex

3.75

10.00

7.55

0.91

0.50

0.12

7.93

0.11

0.48

0.63

53.7

0.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m2 sup. ant.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis mean

2.32

10.00

6.50

0.63

0.35

0.10

4.28

0.15

0.77

1.20

55.23

0.17

V. cristinae mean

4.37

10.00

6.80

1.14

0.65

0.17

3.84

0.30

0.89

1.30

62.55

0.12

V. autolensis

4.97

10.00

6.54

1.21

0.76

0.19

4.71

0.26

0.69

1.06

48.6

0.04

V. duplex

5.86

10.00

7.61

1.31

0.77

0.17

5.74

0.23

0.66

0.87

56.6

0.07

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

m2 sup. post.

Surf

w

b

h

S/b

h/b

r

h/r

b/2r

w/2r

skewness

mean dev

V. rambliensis mean

2.95

10.01

7.31

0.68

0.40

0.09

4.98

0.14

0.73

1.01

54.02

3.16

V. cristinae mean

3.39

10.00

7.61

0.83

0.45

0.11

5.32

0.16

0.72

0.95

59.90

0.18

V. autolensis

4.01

10.00

7.84

0.95

0.51

0.12

8.08

0.12

0.49

0.62

56.7

0.11

V. duplex

4.77

10.00

8.13

1.05

0.59

0.13

7.76

0.14

0.52

0.64

56.9

0.08

TABLE 3. Comparison of h/r concavity values. The limits between weakly and moderately concave are taken from Freudenthal and Martín-Suárez (2007b).

 

h/r

m1

m2

M1

M2

species

ant

post

ant

post

ant

post

ant

post

V. rambliensis

0.09

0.08

0.14

0.09

0.14

0.14

0.15

0.14

V. cristinae

0.07

0.18

0.14

0.15

0.22

0.20

0.30

0.16

V. autolensis

 

 

0.10

0.19

0.15

0.18

0.26

0.12

V. duplex

0.05

0.08

 

 

0.12

0.11

0.23

0.14

limit weak/moderate

0.18

0.13

0.17

0.13

0.15

0.12

0.14

0.11

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