Home

Article Search

TABLE 1. Results of absolute dating methods for various layers of Biśnik Cave (Cyrek et al., 2010; Van Asperen and Stefaniak, 2011). EU=Early Uptake model; LU=Linear Uptake model (Pike and Hedges, 2001). (PDF format)

TABLE 2. Bird remains identified in layers 19–8 (fauna complexes IX–V) in Biśnik Cave. Categories of habitat (see Material and Methods): A, amphibious; E, ecotone; F, forest; O, open; T, tundra. To exclude double counting of remains, before computing the minimum number of individuals (MNI) for mixed complexes it was always checked whether the remains from mixed sediments may have belonged to birds from layers with well-defined stratigraphy. (PDF format)

TABLE 3.Not fully ossified specimens of subadult and/or immature birds found in successive layers in Biśnik Cave.

 

Taxa No.

Taxon

Complex IX

Complex VIII

Complex VI

Complex V

Complex IV

Complex III

Complex II

Complex I

Mixed
Complexes

Total

19

18

15

12-13 mixed

10

9

6-7 mixed

4

3-4 mixed

2

1

1-2 mixed

1-12 mixed

?

1

cf. Anas strepera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

2

Anas platyrhynchos

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

cf. Anas platyrhynchos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

3

Anas querquedula/crecca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

4

Melanitta nigra

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Anatinae indet.

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

5

Buteo buteo/lagopus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

2

3

6

Falco tinnunculus

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

1

 

2

9

15

 

Falco cf. tinnunculus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

2

4

7

Falco peregrinus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Falco sp.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

2

3

7

 

Falconiformes small size

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

8

Lagopus lagopus

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

Lagopus sp.

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

2

9

Tetrao tetrix

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

1

 

2

9

10

Tetrao urogallus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

2

 

Tetrao/Lagopus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

11

Gallus gallus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

10

11

 

Galliformes indet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

3

4

12

Rallus aquaticus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

13

Strix aluco

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

14

Asio flammeus/Asio otus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Strigiformes middle size

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

15

Hirundo/Cecropis

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

16

Anthus sp.

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

17

Turdus viscivorus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

Turdus viscivorus/pilaris

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

 

Turdus sp.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

1

18

cf. Luscinia sp.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

Turdidae (small) indet.

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

2

19

cf. Sylvia sp.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

20

Corvus monedula

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

9

 

Corvus monedula/Pyrrhocorax

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

Corvidae (small) indet.

 

 

7

 

 

1

1

2

 

2

1

1

3

7

25

21

Corvus corax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Aves indet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

1

 

Total

1

2

16

3

1

4

2

2

1

13

5

11

13

51

125

logo smallPalaeontologia Electronica
Webmaster
1998–2020
23 years of electronic palaeontology

PE is archived by CLOCKSS and LOCKSS programs.