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TABLE 1. Measurements of the teeth and their features (in mm) from the maxilla fragment FSCC-3-001 (holotype) classified as Anancus arvernensis mencalensis nov ssp.

 
 

L

W 1

W2

W3

W4

W5

W6

WI

H

M2

120.18

70.43

73.15

69.11

66.38

45.26

-

60.87

-

M3

166

69.61

74.05

74.06

70.37

68.67

64.84

44.61

64.7

 

TABLE 2. Comparison of M3 from Fonelas SCC-3-001 and other specimens of Anancus arvernensis from Europe.

 

Fossil Site

Anancoidy

No. lophs in M3

Cement

Age

Reference

Fonelas SCC-3

absent

6

present

2.5-2.4 Ma

This work

Dorkovo

pronounced

5-6

absent

4.5 Ma

Metz-Muller, 1995

Baza-1

pronounced

5

absent

~4 Ma

Ros, 2010

Las Higueruelas

pronounced

5

absent

3.3 Ma

Own data

Hajná?ka

pronounced

5

traces

Villafranchian

Lupták, 1997

Chilhac

weak

5

present

2.3-2.2 Ma

Boeuf, 1992

 

TABLE 3. Comparison of dental features in Fonelas SCC-3-001 and other European and African anancine gomphotheres.

 

Species

Anancoidy in upper molars

No. lophs in M2

No. lophs in M3

Enamel folding

Age

Reference

A. arvernensis mencalensis

weak

4

6

none-coarse

Early Pleistocene

This work

A. arvernensis turoliensis

weak

4

5-6

none

Late Miocene

Own data

A. arvernensis arvernensis

pronounced

4-5

5-6

coarse-moderate

Pliocene

Own data

A. arvernensis falconeri

pronounced

4

5

coarse

Early Pleistocene

Guérin, 2004

A. arvernensis chilhiacensis

weak

4

5

coarse

Early Pleistocene

Boeuf, 1992

A. kenyensis

weak

4

5-6

none-coarse

Late Miocene-Early Pliocene

Hautier et al., 2009

Sanders et al., 2010

A. petrocchii

weak

5

unknown

unknown

Late Miocene

Sanders, 2011

Sanders, 2007, 2008

A. capensis

pronounced

4

6-7

moderate-strong

Late Miocene or Early Pliocene

Sanders, 2007

A. ultimus

moderate-pronounced

5

6-7

moderate-strong

Early-mid Pliocene

Sanders, 2011

A. osiris

weak

4

6

none-coarse

Late Pliocene-Early Pleistocene

Arambourg, 1945

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