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TABLE 1. Foulden Maar and the most diverse Manuherikia Group assemblages and their MATs based on LM and CLAMP techniques. Each MAT result has an error likely to be at least 5°C, indicated in brackets.

 

Foulden Maar

Bannockburn-02

Bannockburn-03

Bannockburn-04

Nevis 09-17

Total broad-leaved angiosperm taxa

28

15

24

15

8

Total Specimens

86

205

185

209

115

% Entire margined

79-83%

80%

79%

73%

75%

Greenwood et al., 2004 (113 Australian sites)

19-20°C

(14-25°C)

19°C

(14-24°C)

19°C

(14-24°C)

17°C

(12-22°C)

18°C

(13-23°C)

Greenwood et al., 2004 (74 Australian sites)

19-20°C

(14-25°C)

19°C

(14-24°C)

19°C

(14-24°C)

18°C

(13-23°C)

18°C

(13-23°C)

Steart et al., 2010 (South Africa)

23-24°C

(18-29°C)

23°C

(18-28°C)

23°C

(18-28°C)

21°C

(16-26°C)

22°C

Wolfe, 1979; Wing and Greenwood, 1993 (East Asia)

25-27°C

(20-30°C)

26°C

(21-31°C)

25°C

(20-30°C)

23°C

(18-28°C)

24°C

(19-20°C)

CLAMP

22°C

(17-27°C)

Too few spp.

18°C

(13-23°C)

Too few spp.

Too few spp.

TABLE 2. Combined assemblages from the Manuherikia Group and their MATs estimated by LM and CLAMP techniques.

 

Bannockburn-02

+ Bannockburn-03

+ Bannockburn-04

Bannockburn-03

+Nevis 09-17

Total broad-leaved angiosperm taxa

33

29

Total Specimens

600

301

% Entire margined

70%

79%

Greenwood et al., 2004 (113 Australian sites)

17°C

(12-22°C)

19°C

(14-24°C)

Greenwood et al., 2004 (74 Australian sites)

17°C

(12-22°C)

19°C

(14-24°C)

Steart et al., 2010 (South Africa)

20°C

(15-25°C)

23°C

(18-28°C)

Wolfe, 1979; Wing and Greenwood, 1993 (East Asia)

23°C

(18-28°C)

25°C

(20-30°C)

CLAMP

17°C

(12-22°C)

18°C

(13-23°C)

 

TABLE 3. Average leaf length of Foulden Maar and Manuherikia Group leaf assemblages and their MAT estimates.

 

Bannockburn-02

Bannockburn-03

Bannockburn-04

Nevis-09 to 17

Foulden

Maar

GL-01

Average leaf length

50 mm

60 mm

73 mm

51 mm

78 mm

75 mm

MAT Greenwood

12°C

(9-15°C)

14°C

(11-17°C)

17°C

(14-20°C)

13°C

(10-16°C)

18°C

(15-21°C)

17°C

(14-20°C)

MAT Carpenter et al., (2012)

13°C

(10-16°C)

15°C

(12-18°C)

17°C

(14-20°C)

14°C

(11-17°C)

18°C

(15-21°C)

17°C

(14-20°C)

 

TABLE 4. Combined assemblages from the Manuherikia Group and their MATs estimated by leaf length techniques.

 

Bannockburn-02+Bannockburn-03+Bannockburn-04

Bannockburn-03+Nevis 09-17

Av leaf length

61mm

56mm

Based on leaf length

(Carpenter et al., 2012)

15°C

(12-18°C)

14°C

(11-17°C)

Based on leaf length

(Greenwood)

15°C

(12-18°C)

14°C

(11-17°C)

 

TABLE 5. MATs for Kaikorai Valley estimated by leaf length techniques.

 

Kaikorai

Average leaf length

36 mm

MAT Greenwood

(1992)

10°C

(7-13°C)

MAT Carpenter et al., (2012)

11°C

(8-14°C)

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