TABLE 1. Dimensions (in mm) of mandible and lower teeth of Sorex subaraneus from Poland and Germany.

  Sorex subaraneus
  Kadzielnia 1, Elary Pleistocene
Przymiłowice 3A, Early Pleistocene
Kozi Grzbiet, Elary/Middle Pleistocene
Rębielice Królewskie 4, Middle Pleistocene
Poland
Erpfingen, Middle Pleistocene
(measured by Dr L. Maul)
Germany
  Min X Max. N sd cv Min. X Max. N sd cv
i1 L
i1 W
3.37
0.71
3.52
0.85
3.66
0.94
18
37
0.09
0.05
2.56
5.88
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
a1 L (bucc.) 0.82 0.95 1.05 14 0.06 6.32 - - - - - -
p4 L
p4 W
0.89
0.65
1.03
0.73
1.14
0.80
34
32
0.06
0.04
5.82
5.48
0.93
0.69
0.96
0.71
0.99
0.73
2

2

-
-
-
-
m1 L
m1 W
1.35
0.80
1.43
0.85
1.49
0.98
60
61
0.03
0.03
2.10
3.53
1.41
0.82
1.55
0.86
1.66
0.93
7

7

0.09
0.03
5.81
3.49
m2 L
m2 W
1.18
0.73
1.25
0.78
1.30
0.87
46
45
0.03
0.03
2.40
3.85
1.25
0.75
1.33
0.79
1.40
0.86
5

5

-
-
-
-
m3 L
m3 W
0.95
0.56
1.04
0.62
1.11
0.67
27
27
0.04
0.03
3.85
4.84
0.99
0.64
1.04
0.68
1.13
0.78
4

4

-
-
-
-
m1-m3 L 3.57 3.66 3.78 16 0.06 1.64 3.52 3.66 3.80 4 - -
m1-m3 L (alveol.) 3.21 3.32 3.48 7 0.11 3.31 3.12 3.35 3.70 15 0.17 5.07
H of mandible below m2 1.15 1.24 1.33 48 0.05 4.03 - - - - - -
H of ascending ramus 3.80 4.21 4.54 18 0.19 4.51 4.01 4.32 4.64 18 0.13 3.01
W of coronoid process 0.70 0.88 1.00 19 0.07 7.95 - - - - - -
H of condyloid process 1.57 1.72 1.87 5 0.12 6.98 1.44 1.65 1.84 17 0.10 6.06
W of interarticular area 0.50 0.57 0.66 12 0.05 8.77 - - - - - -

 

TABLE 2. Comparison of dimensions (in mm) of Sorex runtonensis from Poland and Sorex subaraneus from Poland and Germany with Sorex satunini from Russia.

  S. runtonensis S. subaraneus S. subaraneus S. satunini S. satunini
  Kozi Grzbiet
Poland
Early/Middle Pleistocene
Kozi Grzbiet
Poland
Early/Middle Pleistocene
Erpfingen
Germany
Middle Pleistocene
(measured by Dr L. Maul)
Treugolnaya Cave
Northern Caucasus
Russia
Middle Pleistocene
Zaitsev and Baryshnikov (2002)
Northern Caucasus
Russia
recent
Zaitsev and Baryshnikov (2002)
  Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N in. X Max. N
i1 L 3.21 3.39 3.56 11 3.37 3.52 3.66 17 - - - - - - - - 3.60 3.72 3.90 14
a1 L (buc.) 0.84 0.87 0.88 4 0.82 0.94 1.05 12 - - - - 1.00 1.07 1.10 3 0.85 1.00 1.05 14
m1 L 1.30 1.36 1.43 39 1.35 1.43 1.49 56 1.41 1.45 1.66 7 1.45 1.48 1.50 4 1.40 1.45 1.50 14
m1-m3 L 3.40 3.49 3.59 16 3.57 3.69 3.95 16 3.52 3.66 3.80 4   3.80     3.65 3.74 3.85 14
H of mandible below m2 1.03 1.12 1.22 39 1.12 1.24 1.33 42 - - - - 1.25 1.29 1.35 4 1.15 1.28 1.35 14
H of ascending ramus 3.66 3.89 4.21 7 3.94 4.21 4.54 15 4.01 4.32 4.64 18 4.35 - 4.40 2 4.20 4.41 4.60 14
W of coronoid process 0.70 0.77 0.88 8 0.79 0.88 1.00 16 - - - - 1.00 1.03 1.05 2 0.90 1.01 1.10 14
W of interarticular area 0.45 0.52 0.56 6 0.52 0.58 0.66 11 - - - - - 0.65 - 2 0.65 0.68 0.75 14

 

 

TABLE 3. Position of a1 in comparison with other teeth (L in mm, Zaitsev and Baryshnikov, 2002).

  Sorex araneus Sorex araneus Sorex subaraneus Sorex runtonensis Sorex runtonensis
    Obłazowa Cave Kozi Grzbiet Zalesiaki 1A Obłazowa Cave
  recent Late Pleistocene/Holocene Early/Middle Pleistocene Early Pleistocene Late Pleistocene/Holocene
        Kozi Grzbiet  
        Early/Middle Pleistocene  
  Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N Min. X Max. N
L between the posterior edges of a1 and i1 (bucc.) 0.08 0.19 0.30 30 0.03 0.19 0.31 16 0.14 0.21 0.26 7 0.25 0.30 0.37 5 0.25 0.37 0.40 13
L between the posterior edge of i1 and the anterior edge of the paraconid of m1 (bucc.) 0.21 0.35 0.53 30 0.21 0.36 0.55 16 0.21 0.27 0.35 8 0.10 0.14 0.18 5 0.04 0.15 0.24 13

 

 

TABLE 4. Comparison of dimensions (in mm) of Sorex subaraneus and Sorex runtonensis from Poland.

  Sorex runtonensis Sorex subaraneus Sorex runtonensis
  Kozi Grzbiet
Early/Middle Pleistocene
Kozi Grzbiet
Early/Middle Pleistocene
Raj Cave (ls. 1-10), Krucza Skała Rock Shelter (ls. 1-8 and I-V), Late Pleistocene,
Komarowa Cave, Late Pleistocene/Holocene
  Min. X Max. N sd cv Min X Max. N sd cv Min. X Max. N sd cv
i1 L
i1 W
3.21
0.74
3.39
0.78
3.56
0.82
11
14
0.11
0.03
3.24
3.85
3.37
0.71
3.52
0.84
3.66
0.93
17
35
0.10
0.04
2.84
4.76
3.45
0.75
3.58
0.83
3.90
0.90
6
7
-
0.06
-
7.23
a1 L (buccal) 0.84 0.87 0.88 4 - - 0.82 0.94 1.05 12 0.06 6.38 0.94 0.99 1.08 4 - -
p4 L
p4 W
0.78
0.58
0.98
0.69
1.05
0.75
15
15
0.07
0.05
7.14
7.25
0.89
0.65
1.02
0.72
1.14
0.80
33
31
0.05
0.04
4.90
5.56
0.94
0.67
1.04
0.72
1.10
0.78
14
13
0.05
0.04
4.81
5.55
m1 L
m1 W
1.30
0.75
1.36
0.81
1.43
0.87
39
39
0.03
0.03
2.21
3.70
1.35
0.80
1.43
0.85
1.49
0.98
56
57
0.03
0.03
3.00
3.53
1.32
0.78
1.41
0.84
1.46
0.93
26
26
0.03
0.03
2.13
3.57
m2 L
m2 W
1.14
0.68
1.20
0.75
1.25
0.81
39
39
0.03
0.03
2.50
4.00
1.18
0.73
1.25
0.78
1.30
0.87
40
39
0.03
0.03
2.40
3.85
1.16
0.69
1.23
0.76
1.35
0.84
20
20
0.04
0.04
3.25
5.26
m3 L
m3 W
0.91
0.56
0.99
0.59
1.05
0.63
20
20
0.03
0.02
3.03
3.39
0.95
0.56
1.04
0.62
1.11
0.67
23
23
0.04
0.04
3.85
4.84
0.91
0.57
1.01
0.60
1.06
0.63
11
11
0.04
0.02
3.96
3.33
m1-m3 L 3.40 3.49 3.59 16 0.05 1.43 3.57 3.69 3.95 16 0.10 2.71 3.53 3.63 3.72 9 0.06 1.65
m1-m3 L(alveol.) 3.23 3.27 3.31 7 0.03 0.92 3.21 3.32 3.48 7 0.11 3.31 3.16 3.38 3.66 23 0.14 4.14
H of mandible below m2 1.03 1.12 1.22 39 0.05 4.46 1.12 1.24 1.33 42 0.05 4.03 1.14 1.25 1.36 35 0.05 4.00
H of ascending ramus 3.66 3.89 4.21 7 0.18 4.63 3.94 4.21 4.54 15 0.16 3.80 3.90 4.17 4.42 31 0.12 2.88
W of coronoid process 0.70 0.77 0.88 8 0.07 9.09 0.79 0.88 1.00 16 0,06 6.82 0.76 0.88 1.01 32 0.07 7.95
H of condyloid process 1.57 1.68 1.74 4 - - 1.57 1.72 1.87 5 - - 1.64 1.82 1.99 20 0.11 6.04
W of interarticular area 0.45 0.52 0.56 6 - - 0.52 0.58 0.66 11 0.04 6.90 0.51 0.59 0.69 30 0.05 8.47

 

 

TABLE 5. Dimensions (in mm) of mandible and lower teeth of fossil and recent Sorex araneus from Poland.

  Sorex araneus
  Nietoperzowa Cave, ls. 15-14

late Middle Pleistocene

Puchacza Skała Cave III, Borsuka Cave, Raj Cave (ls. 1-10), Obłazowa Cave 2, Krucza Skała Rock Shelter (ls. 1-8 and I-V), Koziarnia Cave (ls. 3-19), Nietoperzowa Cave (ls. 8-9 and 13), Żytnia Skała Cave 1, Mamutowa Cave 1 and 2 and Komarowa Cave (l. Ftx)

Late Pleistocene

Józefów, Raj Cave (l. 11), Nad Mosurem Starym Duża Cave, Duża Cave at Mączna Skała (l. 3), Żytnia Skała Cave, Puchacza Skała Cave I, Borsuka Cave

Holocene

Poland

recent

  Min. X Max. N sd cv Min. X Max. N sd cv Min. X Max. N sd cv Min. X Max. N sd cv
i1 L
i1 W
-
-
-
0.92
- -
1
-
-
-
-
3.43
0.79
3.83
0.91
4.14
1.04
33
63
0.16
0.05
4.18
5.49
3.61
0.82
3.85
0.92
4.07
1.03
19
36
0.15
0.05
3.90
5.43
3. 53
0. 81
3.81
0.89
4.16
1.02
39
50
0. 15
0. 04
3.94
4.49
a1 L(bucc.) - 1.02 - 1 - - 0.92 1.05 1.16 31 0.06 5.71 0.93 1.05 1.14 16 0.06 5.71 0. 92 1.03 1.14 49 0.05 4.85
p4 L
p4 W
1.12
0.75
1.16
0.79
1.20
0.84
6
6
-
-
-
-
1.02
0.68
1.17
0.82
1.31
1.03
107
106
0.07
0.06
5.98
7.32
1.05
0.69
1.19
0.80
1.32
0.92
51
51
0.05
0.05
4.20
6.25
1. 03
0. 67
1.14
0.73
1.25
0. 80
50
46
0. 05
0. 03
4.39
4.11
m1 L
m1 W
1.46
0.87
1.54
0.91
1.58
0.97
13
12
0.04
0.03
2.60
3.30
1.39
0.74
1.56
0.92
1.69
1.07
215
218
0.06
0.04
3.85
4.30
1.39
0.82
1.56
0.91
1.69
1.05
70
70
0.05
0.05
3.20
5.49
1. 45
0. 85
1.53
0.89
1. 65
0.96
50
50
0. 04
0. 03
2.61
3.37
m2 L
m2 W
1.28
0.79
1.32
0.82
1.38
0.84
7
7
0.04
0.02
3.03
2.44
1.19
0.72
1.30
0.83
1.42
0.96
194
197
0.04
0.04
3.08
4.82
1.23
0.73
1.31
0.82
1.39
0.89
65
66
0.03
0.04
2.29
4.88
1. 22
0. 73
1.28
0.81
1.36
0.87
49
49
0.03
0.03
2.34
3.70
m3 L
m3 W
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.95
0.52
1.06
0.64
1.17
0.73
77
79
0.05
0.04
4.72
6.25
0.97
0.58
1.05
0.63
1.12
0.71
40
40
0.04
0.03
3.81
4.76
0. 97
0.58
1.05
0.64
1.14
0.76
46
46
0.04
0.03
3.81
4.69
m1-m3 L - - - - - - 3.53 3.88 4.12 56 0.11 4.12 3.71 3.86 4.03 31 0.08 2.07 3. 65 3.82 4. 05 46 0.09 2.36
m1-m3 L(alveo) 3.56 3.65 3.75 7 0.06 1.64 3.45 3.56 3.71 21 0.07   3.45 3.63 3.75 19 0.08 2.20 3.46 3.63 3.77 48 0.08 2.20
H of mandible below m2 1.30 1.40 1.57 13 0.07 5.00 1.23 1.41 1.66 285 0.08 5.67 1.20   1.40 1.57 84 0.07 5.00 1. 22 1. 35 1. 54 50   0. 07 5. 18
H of ascending ramus 4.52 4.58 4.66 4 - - 4.28 4.62 5.06 94 0.45 9.74 4.38 4.72 4.94 43 0.11 2.33 4. 30 4. 58 4. 85 47 0. 12   2. 62
W of coronoid process 0.99 1.05 1.14 5 - - 0.86 1.08 1.30 122 0.09 8.33 0.96 1.08 1.22 49 0.07 6.48 0. 91 1. 05 1. 28 49 0. 08 7. 62
H of condyloid process 1.80 1.85 1.91 2 - - 1.62 1.83 2.05 82 0.10 5.46 1.58 1.84 2.01 38 0.10 5.43 1. 61 1. 86 2. 03 49 0. 08 4. 30
W interarticular area 0.66 0.69 0.73 6 - - 0.54 0.69 0.87 121 0.06 8.70 0.59 0.71 0.81 47 0.05 7.04 0.59 0.69 0.84 48 0.06 8.70