APPENDIX 1.

APPENDIX TABLE 1. Measurements (in mm) for upper molars of Trogolemurini.

 

Specimen Species M1L M1W M2L M2W M3L M3W Locality Reference Notes
CM 14598 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - 1.24 1.81 - - 5(A?), Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Robinson (1968) Identified as Ignacius mcgrewi in Robinson (1986)
CM 15103 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - 1.40 2.00 - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 15635 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. 2.00 2.78 - - - - 5-front, Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Robinson (1968) Holotype
CM 15794 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. - - 1.80 2.90 - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 15795 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. 2.00 - - - - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 15796 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. 2.00 - - - - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 15797 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. 1.30 2.00 - - - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978) Holotype
CM 15798 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - 1.40 - - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 15799 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. 1.20 1.90 - - - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
LACM 40198 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. 1.60 2.20 - - - - LACM (CIT) 180, north of Simi Valley, Ventura Co, CA, USA This paper Holotype
SDNHM 42268 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - 1.66 - - - SDNHM loc. 3426, Collwood South, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 62850 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - 1.64 2.39 - - SDNHM loc. 4020, State Route 125, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 76267 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - 1.31 2.05 SDNHM loc. 4082 (Emerald Ridge 2), northwest San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 87336 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - 1.76 2.48 - - SDNHM loc. 4925, Kelly Ranch Core, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 87337 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - 1.54 - - - SDNHM loc. 4925, Kelly Ranch Core, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SMNH P1899.1007 Trogolemur leonardi 1.90 3.17 - - - - SMNH loc. 72J04-0006, east side of Lac Pelletier, SK, Canada Storer (1990)  
SMNH P1899.1016 Trogolemur leonardi - - - - 1.58 2.57 SMNH loc. 72J04-0006, east side of Lac Pelletier, SK, Canada Storer (1990) Identified as M2 in Storer (1990)
UCM 25049 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - 1.24 1.67 - - 5A, Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Robinson (1968) Identified as Ignacius mcgrewi in Robinson (1986)
USNM 417390 Trogolemur myodes - - 1.60 2.60 - - Elderberry Canyon Quarry, White Pine Co, NE, USA Emry (1990)  
USNM 417391 Trogolemur myodes - - - - 1.30 2.20 Elderberry Canyon Quarry, White Pine Co, NE, USA Emry (1990) Incorrectly listed as a lower m3 in Emry (1990)
USNM 417396 Trogolemur myodes 1.60 2.30 - - - - Elderberry Canyon Quarry, White Pine Co, NE, USA Emry (1990) Identified as M2 in Emry (1990)

 

 

 

APPENDIX TABLE 2. Measurements (in mm) for lower dentition of Trogolemurini.

Specimen Species p3L p3W p4L p4W m1L m1W m2L m2W m3L m3W Locality Reference Notes
AMNH 12599 Trogolemur myodes 1.05 0.78 1.33 1.14 1.66 1.23 1.60 1.44 2.07 1.27 Granger S 6, Uinta Co, WY, USA This paper Holotype
CM 15793 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. - - - - - - 2.00 1.80 - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 21637 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - - - - - 1.50 1.30 - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
CM 40069 Trogolemur amplior - - - - 2.20 1.85 1.95 1.95 - - CM loc. 34, Wind River Basin, Natrona Co, WY, USA Beard et al. (1992)  
CM 41152 Trogolemur fragilis - - - - - - - - 1.95 1.20 CM loc. 34, Wind River Basin, Natrona Co, WY, USA Beard et al. (1992)  
SDNHM 72583 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - - - 1.80 1.18 SDNHM loc. 4081 (Emerald Ridge 1), northwest San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 76266 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - - - 2.07 1.26 SDNHM loc. 4082 (Emerald Ridge 2), northwest San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 76337 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - 1.83 1.48 - - - - SDNHM loc. 4082 (Emerald Ridge 2), northwest San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 76338 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - 1.90 1.61 - -   This paper  
SDNHM 76339 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - - - - 1.19 SDNHM loc. 4082 (Emerald Ridge 2), northwest San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 87332 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - 1.79 1.46 - - SDNHM loc. 4925, Kelly Ranch Core, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 87333 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - 1.79 1.57 - - SDNHM loc. 4925, Kelly Ranch Core, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
SDNHM 87334 Walshina esmaraldensis gen. et sp. nov. - - - - - - - - 2.17 1.38 SDNHM loc. 4925, Kelly Ranch Core, San Diego Co, CA, USA This paper  
UCM 25175 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - - - - - 1.50 1.33 - - 5A, Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Robinson (1968) Identified as Ignacius mcgrewi in Robinson (1986)
UCM 26012 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. - - - - 2.06 1.76 - - - - 5A, Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Robinson (1968)  
UCM 26432 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - - - - - 1.25 1.06 - - 5A, Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Robinson (1968) Identified as Ignacius mcgrewi in Robinson (1986)
UCM 29005 Walshina mcgrewi comb. nov. - - - - - - 2.00 1.85 - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
UCM 38323 Walshina shifrae comb. nov. - - - - - - 1.40 1.30 - - Badwater Creek, Natrona Co, WY, USA Krishtalka (1978)  
UCM 46602 Trogolemur amplior 1.20 0.95 - - - - - - - - UCM loc. 80062, Wind River Basin, Natrona Co, WY, USA Beard et al. (1992)  
UM 30966 Sphacorhysis burntforkensis - - 1.40 1.30 1.90 1.50 2.00 1.80 1.80 1.50 UM loc. BRW-264, sec. 22, T.13N., R.113W., Uinta Co, WY, USA Gunnell (1995)  
USNM 417355 Trogolemur myodes 1.00 0.80 1.20 1.20 1.70 1.50 1.40 1.60 2.00 1.30 Elderberry Canyon Quarry, White Pine Co, NE, USA Emry (1990)  
USNM 417356 Trogolemur myodes 1.00 0.90 1.10 1.25 1.50 1.50 1.40 1.60 2.10 1.40 Elderberry Canyon Quarry, White Pine Co, NE, USA Emry (1990)  
USNM 417389 Trogolemur myodes - - - - 1.70 1.50 - - - - Elderberry Canyon Quarry, White Pine Co, NE, USA Emry (1990)  
YPM VP 13523 Trogolemur myodes - - - - - - 1.41 1.43 1.96 1.15 Sweetwater Co, WY, USA This paper  

 

 

APPENDIX 2.

Newick format for tree from Figure 7.

(Scandentia,(Purgatorius_spp,((Altanius_orlovi,(Plesiolestes_problematicus,('Plesiadapis/Pronothodectes',Chronolestes_simul))),(Donrussellia_sp.,(((Lemur_catta,(Galagoides_demidoff,Microcebus_murinus)),((Mahgarita_stevensi,Rooneyia_viejaensis),(Notharctus_sp.,(Pronycticebus_gaudryi,(Adapis_parisiensis,Leptadapis_magnus))))),(Teilhardina_americana,(Teilhardina_belgica,Teilhardina_asiatica),(Steinius_vespertinus,(Omomys_sp.,(Hemiacodon_gracilis,Macrotarsius_montanus))),(Eosimias_sp.,(Tarsius_sp.,(Proteopithecus_sylviae,(Catopithecus_browni,((Aegyptopithecus_zeuxis,(Apidium_phiomense,Parapithecus_grangeri)),(Dolichocebus_gaimanensis,(Callicebus_moloch,(Aotus_trivirgatus,Saimiri_sciureus)))))))),(((Uintanius_ameghini,(Tetonius_sp.,((Absarokius_sp.,Anaptomorphus_sp.),(Aycrossia_lovei,Strigorhysis_sp.)))),(Loveina_sheai,Loveina_minuta,Loveina_wapitiensis,(Dyseolemur_pacificus,Washakius_insignis,Loveina_zephyri,Shoshonius_cooperi))),((Nannopithex_sp.,Melaneremia_bryanti,Pseudoloris_parvulus,(Microchoerus_erinaceus,Necrolemur_antiquus)),((Anemorhysis_savagei,(Anemorhysis_wortmani,((Anemorhysis_sublettensis,Anemorhysis_natronensis),(Arapahovius_gazini,Tetonoides_sp.)))),(Trogolemur_myodes,Trogolemur_amplior,Trogolemur_fragilis,Trogolemur_leonardi,Sphacorhysis_burntforkensis,(Walshina_esmaraldensis,Walshina_mcgrewi,Walshina_shifrae)))))))))));