FIGURE 1. Map showing the various Mangareva Islands that comprise the Gambier Group in the eastern Pacific and locating the archaeological sites for which faunas are presented here.

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FIGURE 2. The distal right tibiotarsus NMNZ S.47666 from Nenega-Iti that is referred to Bountyphaps obsoleta, in cranial (1), medial (2), caudal (3) and lateral (4) views. Abbreviations: dtRET, distal attachment of the retinaculum extensorium tibiotarsi; lc, condylus lateralis; ltRMF, lateral attachment of the retinaculum musculus fibularis; mc, condylus medialis; ptRET, proximal attachment of the retinaculum extensorium tibiotarsi. Scale bar equals 10 mm.

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FIGURE 3. Ducula tihonireasini n.sp., holotype right tarsometatarsus NMNZ S.47667 (1-4) and paratype distal right tibiotarsus NMNZ S.47668 (5-8) in cranial (1, 5), medial (2, 6), plantar/caudal (3, 7) and lateral (4, 8) views. Abbreviations: cm, cotyla medialis; cpl, crista plantaris lateralis; cr, crest; dtRET, distal attachment of the retinaculum extensorium tibiotarsi; fm1, facet in fossa metatarsi 1; fpm, fossa parahypotarsalis medialis; lc, condylus lateralis; li, lineae intermusculari; ltRMF, lateral attachment of the retinaculum musculus fibularis; mc, condylus medialis; mf, medial foramen vasculare proximale; pons, pons supratendineus; ptRET, proximal attachment of the retinaculum extensorium tibiotarsi; ttc, tuberositas musculus tibialis cranialis. Scale bar equals 10 mm.

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FIGURE 4. Relative proportions of seabirds and land birds, and of the constituent families for each group, for the Gambier Group as a whole (left) and individual islands/sites. Data is based on the 647 bones reported herein plus the 215 specimens previously reported as compiled in Table 5.

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FIGURE 5. The recorded presence (black) or inferred presence but no data for (grey) of selected taxa through the archaeological record to the present in the Gambier Group showing how some taxa survived only into the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

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