TABLE 1. Faunal list for Koeberg (Duinefontein) complied from Cenozoic Palaeontology catalogue books and Olson, 1985b compared with Langebaanweg.

Taxon Common name Koeberg Langebaanweg (LQSM, MPPM)
‘Nucleornis’ insolitus penguin x x
‘Dege’ hendeyi penguin x x
‘?Palaespheniscus’ huxleyorum penguin x x
Inguza predemersus penguin x x
Oceanites sp. Storm-petrel x -
Fulmarinae gen. et sp. indet. petrel x ?
Pachyptila salax petrel x x
Pachyptila species B petrel x -
Pachyptila species C petrel x -
Procellaria sp. Petrel x -
Calonectris sp. shearwater x -
Puffinus (Puffinus) species A Puffin x -
Puffinus (Puffinus) species B Puffin x -
Puffinus (Puffinus) species C Puffin x -
Sula sp. booby x x
Phalacrocorax sp. cormorant x x
Phalacrocorax cf ( Microcarbo) sp. Small cormorant ? x
Medium indeterminate Procellariidae Petrel, shearwater, prion x x
Phasianidae includes pheasants, partridges, jungle fowl, chickens, Old World quail, and peafowl x x
Francolinus sp. francolin x x
Carcharocles megalodon Megalodon x x
Carcharodon carcharias White shark x x
Carcharias taurus Ragged tooth shark x x
Alopias vulpinus Thresher shark x -
Isurus oxyrhynchus Mako shark x x
Sphyrna zygaena Smooth hammerhead x -
Pristidae Saw fish x x
Sparidae Mussel cracker (personal observation) x x
Myliobatidae Eagle ray x x
Balistidae Trigger fish x -
Tachysurus Catfish/barbel x x
Xiphiidae Sword fish x -
Arctocephalu sp. Cape fur seal x -
Homiphoca Phocid seal ? x
Hyaenidae hyaena x x
Bathyergidae molerat x x
Testudinidae Tortoise x x
Ceratotherium White rhino x x
Pelorovis antiquus Buffalo x -
Taurotragus strepsiceros Eland x -
Antilopini Gazelles, springbok, gerenuk, and blackbuck x x
Alcelaphini wildebeest, hartebeest, bonteboks x x
Antidorcas sp. springbok x -
Redunca sp. reedbok x -
Raphicerus sp. Grysbok, steenbok, x -
Connochaetes sp. wildebeest x -
Hipparion equid x x
Lagomorpha hare x x

 

 

TABLE 2. Measurements of the incomplete tympanic bullae from Duinefontein (Koeberg).

Specimen number SAM-PQMBD-81 SAM-PQMBD-50 SAM-PQMBD-80 SAM-PQMBD-48 SAM-PQMBD-1200
Total length (mm) 94.79 94.52 76.80 81.73 30.43
Width (mm) 63.45 (posterior end) 36.76 (incomplete) 41.52 39.66 (incomplete) 12.68 (incomplete)
Involucrum width (mm) 33.51 36.44 2803 39.39 10.0
Greatest depth (mm) 47.0 48.0 35.0 34.0 4.0

 

 

TABLE 3. Measurements of the isolated petrosals from Duinefontein (Koeberg).

Specimen number SAM-PQMBD-526 SAM-PQMBD-49 SAM-PQMBD-95 SAM-MBD-363
Length (mm) 76.29 71.97 66.16 17.79
Width (mm) 79.26 52.18 35.65 24.71
Pars cochlearis length (mm) 63.57 37.11 29.12 14.0
Pars cochlearis width (mm) 40.02 23..37 20.95 12.0
Transverse width anterior process (mm) 41.42 17.19 33.64 8.0