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FIGURE 1. Location of the Bełchatów Lignite Mine.

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FIGURE 2. Schematic geological profile of Neogene deposits of the Bełchatów Lignite Mine (modified after Worobiec, 2007). PW, subcoal unit; W, coal unit; I-W, clayey-coal unit; I-P, clayey-sandy unit; A, B, B1, C, other coal seams. Black pattern, coal seams; grey pattern, paratonsteins (tuffaceous horizons).

 

 

 

FIGURE 3. Sequoia abietina (Brongniart) Knobloch: 1. Taxodioid twig, KRAM-P 225/108; 2. Cryptomerioid twig, KRAM-P 225/86/VII; 3. Epidermis of needle from taxodioid twig, note parallel arrangement of longer axes of stomata in stomatal rows, KRAM-P 225/115; 4. Epidermis of needle from cryptomerioid twig, note variable arrangement of longer axes of stomata in stomatal rows, KRAM-P 225/86/VII. Pinus sp.: 5. Bark fragment, KRAM-P 225/99/II. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1), (2), and (5), and 50 µm for (3) and (4).

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FIGURE 4. Pinus sp.: 1. Sclerenchymatic cells of bark, KRAM-P 225/99/II. cf. Cercidiphyllum crenatum (Unger) R. W. Brown emend. Z. Kvaček and Konzalová: 2. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/44/II. Scale bar equals to 0.5 cm for (2), and 50 µm for (1).

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FIGURE 5. Myrica lignitum (Unger) Saporta: 1. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/35; 2. Nearly whole leaf, KRAM-P 225/119/III; 3. Detail of tooth, KRAM-P 225/35; 4. Glandular trichome shields on leaf epidermis, KRAM-P 225/35; 5. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/33; 6. hypodermis below adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/34; 7. Abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/35; 8. Glandular peltate trichome with remains of resinous secretion, KRAM-P 225/35. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1) and (2), 1 mm for (3), 100 µm for (4), 50 µm for (8), and 20 µm for (5), (6), and (7).

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FIGURE 6. Alnus ducalis (Gaudin) Knobloch: 1. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/88/I; 2. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/122/I; 3. Abaxial epidermis with stoma, KRAM-P 225/88/I; 4. Four-celled base of glandular trichome, KRAM-P 225/122/I. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1), and 20 µm for (2), (3), and (4).

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FIGURE 7. Betula cf. plioplatyptera Hummel: 1. leaf, KRAM-P 225/106/I. Betula subpubescens Goeppert emend. Worobiec: 2. leaf, KRAM-P 225/104/I; 3. Fragment of basal part of leaf, KRAM-P 225/26; 4. Detail of leaf margin and teeth venation, KRAM-P 225/26; 5. Detail of leaf areolation, KRAM-P 225/26; 6. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/26; 7. Abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/26; 8. Multicellular glandular trichome base, KRAM-P 225/27. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1), (2), and (3), 1 mm for (4), 0.5 mm for (5), 50 µm for (6) and (7), and 20 µm for (8).

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FIGURE 8. Carpinus grandis Unger emend. Heer: 1. Leaf, KRAM-P 225/40/IV; 2. Leaf, KRAM-P 225/30; 3. Detail of leaf areolation, KRAM-P 225/30; 4. Detail of leaf margin and teeth venation, KRAM-P 225/30; 6. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/31; 7. Abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/31. Carpinus sp.: 5. Fragment of fruit involucre, KRAM-P 225/91/II. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1), 0.5 cm for (2) and (5), 0.5 mm for (3) and (4), and 20 µm for (6) and (7).

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FIGURE 9. Fagus silesiaca Walther and Zastawniak: 1. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/15; 2. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/12; 3. Detail of leaf margin and tooth venation, KRAM-P 225/24; 4. Detail of leaf areolation, KRAM-P 225/24; 5. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/24; 6. Abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/12. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1) and (2), 1 mm for (3) and (4), and 20 µm for (5) and (6).

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FIGURE 10. Carya serrifolia (Goeppert) Kräusel: 1. Leaflet, KRAM-P 225/18; 2. Leaflet fragment, KRAM-P 225/19; 3. Detail of leaflet areolation, KRAM-P 225/8; 4. Detail of leaflet margin and teeth venation, KRAM-P 225/19; 5. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/8; 6. Abaxial epidermis with stomata and one-celled glandular trichome base, KRAM-P 225/8; 7. Glandular peltate trichome, KRAM-P 225/18. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1) and (2), 1 mm for (3) and (4), 50 µm for (5) and (7), and 20 µm for (6).

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FIGURE 11. Acer tricuspidatum Bronn sensu Procházka and Bůžek: 1. Fragment of basal part of leaf, KRAM-P 225/1; 2. Detail of leaf margin venation and areolation, KRAM-P 225/1; 3. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/1; 4. Abaxial epidermis with stomata and solitary, unicellular trichomes, KRAM-P 225/1. Scale bar equals to 0.5 cm for (1), 0.5 mm for (2), and 20 µm for (3) and (4).

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FIGURE 12. Gleditsia europaea sp. nov.: 1. Holotype, leaflet, KRAM-P 225/16; 2. Leaflet fragment, KRAM-P 225/8; 3. Leaflet fragment, KRAM-P 225/37; 4. Holotype, detail of leaflet margin and teeth venation, KRAM-P 225/16; 5. Detail of leaflet areolation, KRAM-P 225/3; 6. Adaxial epidermis, KRAM-P 225/3; 7. Holotype, abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/16; 8. Holotype, abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/16. Scale bar equals to 0.5 cm for (1), (2), and (3), 0.5 mm for (4) and (5), and 50 µm for (6), (7), and (8).

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FIGURE 13. Leguminophyllum kvacekii sp. nov.: 1. Holotype, leaflet fragment, KRAM-P 225/22; 2. Leaflet fragment, KRAM-P 225/14; 3. Detail of leaflet margin with large trichomes, KRAM-P 225/14; 4. Detail of leaflet areolation, KRAM-P 225/5; 5. Adaxial epidermis with large trichomes over the veins, KRAM-P 225/4; 6. Adaxial epidermis, undulate cell walls, KRAM-P 225/17; 7. Adaxial epidermis, note striate ornamentation of cuticle, KRAM-P 225/17; 8. Abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/17. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1) and (2), 0.5 mm for (4), 0.1 mm for (3), 50 µm for (5) and (6), and 20 µm for (7) and (8).

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FIGURE 14. Dicotylophyllum sp. 1: 1. Fragment of basal part of leaf, KRAM-P 225/13; 2. Adaxial epidermis, note papillae in each cell, KRAM-P 225/13; 3. Abaxial epidermis with stomata, KRAM-P 225/13. Scale bar equals to 2 mm for (1), and 20 µm for (2) and (3).

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FIGURE 15. Phragmites oeningensis A. Braun: 1. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/93/IV. Potamogeton sp.: 2. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/23; 3. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/23; 4. Leaf fragment, KRAM-P 225/106/IV; 5. Fragment of submerged leaf or phyllode, KRAM-P 225/58/VI; 6. Detail of leaf venation and leaf margin, KRAM-P 225/23; 7. Epidermis, KRAM-P 225/23. Scale bar equals to 1 cm for (1), 0.5 cm for (2), (3), and (4), 1 mm for (5), 0.5 mm for (6), and 20 µm for (7).

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