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TABLE A1. GenBank accession numbers for molecular sequences used in phylogenetic analyses.

Taxon 12S rDNA 16S rDNA COI Cytochrome b RAG-1
A. forsteri DQ137187 DQ137147 DQ137185 DQ137225 DQ137246
A. patagonicus AY139221 DQ137148 DQ137186 AY138623 DQ137247
D. capense X82517 AF076046
D. exulans DQ137205 DQ137165 DQ137168 DQ137208 DQ137229
E. chrysocome AY139630 DQ525796 DQ525776
E. chrysolophus DQ137197 DQ137157 DQ137171 AF076052 DQ137223
E. filholi DQ525741 DQ525781 DQ525761
E. moseleyi DQ525746 DQ525786 DQ525766
E. pachyrhynchus U88007, X82522 DQ137152 DQ137170 DQ137210 DQ137231
E. robustus DQ137193 DQ137153 DQ137176 DQ137126 DQ137237
E. schlegeli DQ137196 DQ137156 DQ137175 DQ137215 DQ137236
E. sclateri DQ137194 DQ137154 DQ137169 DQ137309 DQ137230
E. minor NC004538 DQ137164 DQ137174 NC 004538 DQ137235
G. immer AF173577 DQ137166 DQ137167 DQ137207 DQ137288
G. stellata AF173587 AY293618 AY666477 AF158250
M. giganteus X82523 AF076060
M. antipodes DQ137198 DQ137158 DQ137184 DQ137224 DQ1372245
O. oceanicus DQ433048 AF076062
O. leucorhoa AY666284 AF0706064
P. desolata AF076068
P. urinatrix X82518 AF076076 DQ881818
P. immutabilis DQ433933 PIU48949
P. palpebrata U48943 DQ881822
P. aequinoctialis U74350
P. brevirostris NC007174 NC007174 NC007174 NC007174
P. gravis AF175572 AF173752 DQ434014 U74354  
P. adeliae AF173573 DQ137149 DQ137183 DQ137223 DQ137224
P. antarctica DQ137190 DQ137150 DQ137181 AF076089 DQ137242
P. papua DQ137191 DQ137151 DQ137182 AF076090 DQ137243
S. demersus DQ137199 DQ137159 DQ137177 DQ137217 DQ137238
S. humboldti DQ137201 DQ137161 DQ137180 DQ137220 DQ137241
S. magellanicus DQ137200 DQ137160 DQ137178 DQ137218 DQ137239
S. mendiculus DQ137202 DQ137162 DQ137179 DQ137219 DQ137240
T. melanophrys AY158677 AY158677 NC_007172 U48955 AY158677
P. rubricauda AF158251

 

 

TABLE A2. Comparative specimens examined and associated changes to characters of the phylogenetic data matrix.

Taxon Specimens Coding changes (with abbreviated reference to character number in brackets—see Character List)
Anthropodyptes gilli NMV P 17167 (Park and Fitzgerald, 2012) 1 (BG121), 2 (BG122), 1 (CHa157), 1 (K133), 1 (CHb20), 2 (CHa176), 1 (CHa177), 0/1 (CHb31), 0 (BG126), 0 (BG128), 0 (K142), 2 (CHb37), 3 (BG127), 0 (CHb39), 2 (CHb3), 2 (C132), 0 (K128), 1 (CHb7), 1 (BG125), 1 (K134), 0/1 (K136), 0 (C143), 1 (BG128), 1 (A34), 1 (K141), 1 (K143)
Anthropornis grandis IB/P/B-0483 (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0064, IB/P/B-0443, IB/P/B-0454, IB/P/B-0179, IB/P/B-0590 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a), specimens used within Jadwiszczak (2013) 0 (BG120), 1 (A22), 1 (CHa157), 0 (K135), 0 (KT153), 1 (CHb17), 1/2 (BG125), ? (C144), ? (CHa176), ? (CHa177), ? (BG126), ? (K142), ? (K143), ? (K141), 1 (K158), 0 (KT203), 0 (K144), 0 (CL217), 0 (K124), 0/1 (This study 266), 1 (CHb50), 0 (CHb47)
Anthropornis nordenskjoeldi IB/P/B-0070 (Myrcha et al., 1990; Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0119, IB/P/B-0150, IB/P/B-0701, IB/P/B-0250b, IB/P/B-0501 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a), NHMUK A2013, USNM 402486 (Ksepka et al., 2006), NHMUK A. 3361, NHMUK A. 3348-3354, NHMUK A. 3356 (Marples, 1953), MLP 95-I-10-142 (Jadwiszczak, 2015), NRM-PZ A.45 (Wiman, 1905; Acosta Hospitaleche et al., 2017), specimens used within Jadwiszczak (2013), MLP 84-II-1-7 (cast) 0 (CL217), 1 (A22), 0 (BG120), 0 (K124), 0/1 (CHa157), 1 (CHb7), 0 (KT153), 2 (CL220), 1 (K141), 1 (K158), 1 (CHb50), 0 (KT203), 2 (This study 203), 0 (K144), 1 (K144/CHa188), 0 (K145), 1 (KC187), 1 (BG135), 0 (BG136), 1 (C169), 0 (CHb31), 2 (BG128), 1 (KC166), 0 (KF239), 0 (This study 266), 0 (CHb49), 0 (CHb47), 0/1 (C132)
Aphrodroma brevirostris figure 1: Mayr (2016) 1 (K158), 0 (A72), 0 (This study 266), 0 (KT203), 0 (CHb50), 1 (CHb49), 1 (BG141) 2 (CHb47), 0 (CHb65), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb71), 0 (KT211), 1 (CHb46), 0 (CHb45), 1 (CHb44), 0 (CHb42), 1 (BG127), 1 (CHb37), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (CHb20), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Aptenodytes forsteri NHMUK 1905.12.30.419 (Jadwiszczak, 2015), NMV B 18320, CM AV17360 2 (K141), 2 (CHb50), 2 (K158), 0 (A72), 1 (This study 266), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 0 (CHb47), 0 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 0/1 (LZ2366), 0 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 0 (CHb44), 2 (CHb43), 0 (CHb42), 1 (KF239), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Aptenodytes patagonicus CM 1229, CM 1225, CM 1241, CM 1243, CM not registered, CM not registered, CM not registered, CM not registered 1 (This study 266), 1 (KF239)
Archaeospheniscus lopdellorum OM C.47.21 (Marples, 1952; Simpson, 1971b), OM GL428 ? (K158), 0/1 (This study 266), 2 (This study 203), 1 (M246), 0 (KF239), 1 (CHb3), 2 (C132), ? (K137)
Archaeospheniscus lowei OM C.47.20 (Marples, 1952; Simpson, 1971b), OM GL407 2 (K141), 2 (This study 203), 1 (M246), 1 (M247), 0 (KF239), 1 (CHb3), 3 (CL220)
Ardenna gravis   0 (A72), 1 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 3 (CHb50), 2 (CHb49), 1 (BG141), 2 (CHb47), 0 (CHb61), 0 (CHb64), 0 (CHb65), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (LZ2366), 0 (CHb46), 0 (CHb45), 1 (CHb44), 1 (CHb43), 0 (CHb42), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (BG127), 0 (CHb20), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Ardenna grisea   0 (This study 266)
Arthrodytes grandis MLP M-606, MLP M-607, MLP M-608 (Acosta Hospitaleche, 2005) 2 (CL223), 0 (KF235), 1 (KC137), 0 (K122), 1 (K124)
Burnside ‘Palaeeudyptes’ OM C48.73-81 (Marples, 1952; Simpson, 1971b; Ksepka, 2007) 0 (CHb47), 1 (M247), 1 (K141)
Chauna torquata CM AV21208  
Crossvallia unienwillia MLP 00-I-10-1 (Tambussi et al., 2005; Jadwiszczak et al., 2013) 2 (K141), 2 (K139), 1 (CL222), 1 (CL220)
?Crossvallia waiparensis CM 2018.23.9, CM 2016.158.2, CM 2016.158.3 Coded in entirety, see NEXUS file
Cygnus olor CM AV25436, CM AV23143  
Daption capense   0 (A72), 1 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (KT203), 0 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Delphinornis arctowskii IB/P/B-0484 (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0115 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a) 1 (K159), 1 (K158), 1 (CHb50), 3 (CHa224), 1 (C169), 1 (This study 266), 1 (CHa229), 1 (K163), 1 (LZ2366), 2 (CHa233), 2 (CHa234)
Delphinornis gracilis IB/P/B-0279a (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0130, IB/P/B-0408 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a) 1 (K158), 2 (CHb50), 1 (K160), 0 (This study 266), 1/2 (K163), 0 (K160), 0/1 (LZ2366), 2/3 (CHa233)
Delphinornis larseni IB/P/B-0062 (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0444, IB/P/B-0446, IB/P/B-0090, IB/P/B-0337 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a), IB/P/B-0440 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a; 2010), NRM-PZ A.21 (holotype) (Wiman, 1905; Acosta Hospitaleche et al., 2017), MLP 93-X-1-146, MLP 93-X-1-161 (Reguero et al., 2013), NRM-PZ A.994, IB/P/B-0547 (Jadwiszczak and Mörs, 2019) 1 (CHb7), 0 (K135), 1 (K159), 2 (K144), 1 (K144/CHa188), 1 (BG121), 2 (BG122), 1 (CHb3), 0 (C132), 1 (CHa157), 0 (K128), 0 (CHb8), 2 (CL222), 1 (K129), 2 (BG123), 0 (BG124), 1 (CHb16), 2 (K133), 1 (CHb20), 0 (K136), 0 (K137), 0 (CHa176), 0 (CHa177), 0 (BG126), 2 (BG128), 3 (BG127), 0 (CHb39), 1 (M247), 1 (K158), 2 (This study 203), 1 (KC166), 0 (KF139), 0 (K145), 1 (C157), 1 (KC175), 1 (C169), 0/1 (This study 266), 1 (BG139), 0 (BG140), 1 (CHa229), 0 (K163), 0/1 (K160), 1 (LZ2366), 1 (OH16), 1 (CHb47), 0 (CHb50)
Diomedea exulans CM AV7000, CM AV3351 0 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (CHb50), 1 (CHb49), 1 (BG141), 1 (CHb50)
Duntroonornis parvus OM C.47.31 (Marples, 1952; Simpson, 1971b) 2 (K158), 0 (KF243), 2 (K158), 1 (K162), 0 (K157), 0 (K159), 2 (K160)
Eretiscus tonnii MLP 81-VI-26-1, MLP 69-III-29-25 (Simpson, 1981) 1/2 (This study 266), 1 (K158), ? (CHb45), 1 (M247), 1 (K141), 0 (CHa177), 1 (CHa157), 0 (CHb16), ? (K136)
Eudyptes calauina SGO-PV 21451, SGO-PV 21449, SGO-PV 21447, SGO-PV 21488, SGO-PV 21487, SGO-PV 21444 (Chávez Hoffmeister et al., 2014) 2 (BG122), 2 (CHb3), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CHb17), 2 (K133), 2 (CHb20), 1 (CHb31), 2 (CHb37), 3 (BG127), ? (CHb39), 0 (BG141), 1 (CHb43), 0 (CHb44), 1 (CHb45), 1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb47), 0 (CHb49), 2 (CHb50), 1 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 1 (LZ2366), 1 (This study 266), 0 (A72), 0 (CHb61), 0 (CHb42), 0 (CHb39), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 1 (CHb31), 2 (CHb20), 2 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 1/2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptes chrysocome   0 (This study 266), 0/1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45)
Eudyptes chrysolophus CM 1994-191 0 (A72), 2 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 1 (CHb47), 1 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 1 (LZ2366), 0 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 0 (CHb44), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 BG126), 3 (CL220), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptes filholi   0 (A72), 1 (CHa229), 2 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 1 (CHb45), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptes moseleyi   0 (A72), 1 (CHa229), 2 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (BG141), 1 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 1 (LZ2366), 0/1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 0 (CHb44), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122), 0 (CHb49)
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus OM 309 (Triche, 2007) 2 (CHb50), 2 (K158), 0 (A72), 0 (This study 266), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 1 (CHb45), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptes robustus   0 (A72), 2 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb72), 1 (CHb45), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (BG127), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptes schlegeli   0 (BG141), 1 (CHb45), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptes sclateri OM AV7861 (Triche, 2007) 2 (K158), 0 (A72), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb72), 1 (CHb45), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Eudyptula minor FUR 019, FUR 208 1 (LZ2366), 0 (This study 266), 0/1 (CHb39), 2 (K158), 2 (CHb50)
Gavia immer USNM 502462 0 (K158), 3 (CHb50)
Gavia stellata CM AV10284 0 (K158)
Hakataramea penguin OU 21977 (Ando, 2007) 1 (M247), 2 (C132)
Hydrobates leucorhous USNM 614217 0 (K158), 2 (This study 266), 0 (A72), 0 (K158), 3 (CHb50), 2 (CHb49), 1 (BG141), 1 (CHb47), 0 (CHb61), 0 (CHb64), 0 (CHb65), 0 (K163), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (LZ2366), 0 (CHb46), 0 (CHb45), 0 (CHb44), 1 (CHb43), 0 (CHb42), 0 (BG127), 1 (CHb37), 2 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K134), 0 (CHb20), 2 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Hydrobates tethys   2 (This study 266)
Icadyptes salasi MUSM 897 (Ksepka et al., 2008) 2 (This study 203), 0 (K141), 2/3 (CL220)
Inguza predemersus ISAM L6510, ISAM PQL28195, ISAM PQL23012, ISAM PQL23003, ISAM PQL28254, ISAM PQL28251 (Ksepka and Thomas, 2012) 2 (K141), 2 (BG122), 2 (CHb3), 2 (C132), 1 (CHa157), 2 (CHb8), 1/2 (K127), 2 (CL222), 1 (CHb16), 1 (K133), 1/2 (CHb20), 3 (CL220), 1 (C143), 1/2 (CHa176), 0 (CHa177), 1 (CHb31), 2 (BG128), 2 (K142), 2 (CHb37), 3 (BG127), 0 (CHb39), 1 (KF239), 3 (K144/CHa188), 1 (M246), 0 (K145), 2 (This study 203), 1 (CHb47), 0 (CHb64), 1 (CHa229), 1 (M247), 2 (CHb17), 1/2 (K134), 1 (A34), 1 (CHb43), 0 (CHb44), 1 (CHb45), 1 (CHb46), 0 (CHb49), 2 (K158), 2 (CHa219), 1 (CHb61), 0 (A72), 2, (CHb65), 0 (This study 266), 1 (LZ2366), 1 (KT211), 0 (CHb72), 0 (CHb71), 2 (K159), 3 (CHa233), 1 (K160)
Inkayacu paracasensis MUSM 1444 (Clarke et al., 2010) 1 (KF236), 1 (K141), 2 (This study 203), 2 (This study 266), 1 (K158), 1 (CHb47), 0/1 (K141), 1 (CHb3), 2/3 (CHa233), 1 (CL220), 0 (CHb50)
Kaiika maxwelli OU 22402 (Fordyce and Thomas, 2011) 1/2 (BG125), 0 (A34), 2 (BG128), 1 (K135), 1 (CL222)
Kairuku grebneffi OU 22094, OU 22065 (Ksepka et al., 2012) 2 (This study 203), 1 (This study 266), 1 (K158), 0/1 (CHb47), 0/1 (K141), 2/3 (CL220), 1 (C132)
Kairuku waitaki OU 12652 (Ksepka et al., 2012) 1 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 1 (CHb47), 1 (C132)
Korora oliveri OM C.50.63 (Marples, 1952; Simpson, 1971b) Coded in entirety, see NEXUS file
Kumimanu biceae NMNZ S.45877 (Mayr et al., 2017b) 1 (CHb20), 0 (CHb16), 1 (KT153), 1 (CL222)
Leptoptilos sp. CM AV37491  
Macronectes giganteus CM AV20407, CM AV14405 0 (A72), 1 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (KT203), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Madrynornis mirandus MEF-PV 100 (Acosta Hospitaleche et al., 2007) 1/2 (K141), 1 (This study 266), 2 (This study 203), 1 (M247)
Marplesornis novaezealandiae CM AV 16527 2 (This study 203), 1/3 (K144/CHa188), 1 (M246), 1 (M247), 2 (K144), 0 (KF239), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 3 (K133), 1 (CHb16), 0 (K135), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Marambiornis exilis IB/P/B-0490 (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0434, IB/P/B-0406 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a) 0 (This study 266), 0 (CHb50), 1 (LZ2366), 3 (CHa233), 2 (CHa234)
Megadyptes antipodes   2 (CHa233), 0/1 (This study 266)
Mesetaornis polaris IB/P/B-0278 (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0215, IB/P/B-0207 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a) 1 (AH38), 0 (This study 266), 1 (CHa229), 1 (K158), 1 (K163), 3 (CHa233), 2 (CHa234)
Muriwaimanu tuatahi CM zfa 34, CM 2008.145.3, CM 2009.99.1, OU 12651, CM 2010.108.3 1 (This study 203), 1 (K144/CHa188), 2 (K127), 2 (This study 266), 0 (CHa234), 1 (BG138), 0 (KF239), 3 (BG127), 2 (BG128), 1 (CL220), 0 (CHb16), 1 (KT153), 1 (K135), 1 (CL222), 0 (KF236), 1 (KC142), 0/1 (K124), 0/1 (CHb46), 0 (CHa157), ? (C143)
Notodyptes wimani IB/P/B-0491 (Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0176, IB/P/B-0641, IB/P/B-0110 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a), IB/P/B-0284, NHMUK A3331 1 (BG121), 2 (BG122), 1 (CHa157), 1 (CHb7), 0 (CHb8), 0 (K127), 2 (CL222), 1 (K129), 2 (BG123), 0 (BG124), 1 (CHb16), 2 (BG125), 2 (K133), 1 (CHb20), 1 (CL219), 0 (K136), 0 (CHa177), 1 (CHb31), 0 (BG126), 1/2 (BG128), 1 (K143), 0 (BG136), 1 (This study 266), 0 (CL221), 1 (K141), 2/3 (CL220), 1/2 (C132), 1 (CHb17)
Nucleornis insolitus ISAM-PQ-MBD4, ISAM-PQ-MBD3 (Simpson, 1979) 2 (K158), 0 (KF243), 2 (CHb65), 0 (A72), 0 (CHa229), 3 (CHa224), 0 (CHb49), 1 (CHb43), 1/2 (CHb42), 1 (CHa219), ? (KT211), 2 (CHb50), 1/2 (CHb47), 0 (CHb44), 1 (CHb45), 0 (CHb46), 0/1 (CHb61), 0 (CHb64), 2 (K159), 3 (CHa233), 1 (LZ2366)
Oceanites oceanicus   0 (A72), 1 (K158), 2 (This study 266), 0 (KT203), 3 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 1 (BG127), 3 (K141), 2 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 2 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Pachydyptes ponderosus NMNZ OR. 1450 1 (K141), 2/3 (CL220)
Pachydyptes simpsoni P.14157, P.14158 (Jenkins, 1974) 1 (BG121), 2 (BG122), 2 (K133), 1 (CHb20), 0 (K134), 2 (CL220), 1 (CHa177), 0 (KF239)
Pachyptila desolata   0 (A72), 1 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 3 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 2 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K134), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Palaeeudyptes antarcticus NHMUK A.1084 (Huxley, 1859; Simpson, 1971b), OU 22167 (Ksepka et al., 2012) 1 (K158), 1 (K160), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHa219)
Palaeeudyptes gunnari IB/P/B-0072 (Myrcha et al., 1990; Myrcha et al., 2002), IB/P/B-0306, IB/P/B-0151, IB/P/B-05896, IB/P/B-0654, IB/P/B-0103, IB/P/B-0083, IB/P/B-0455, IB/P/B-0692 (Jadwiszczak, 2006a), MLP 96-I-6-13 (Acosta Hospitaleche and Reguero, 2010), NRM-PZ A.7 (holotype) (Wiman, 1905; Chávez Hoffmeister, 2014b; Acosta Hospitaleche et al., 2017), specimens used within Jadwiszczak (2013) 0 (BG120), 1 (K158), 0 (KT203), 0/1 (K160), 2 (This study 203), 0 (CL217), 0 (K124), 0/1 (K144), 2 (K144/CHa188), 0 (BG136), 1 (C169), 0 (This study 266), 1 (C132), 2/3 (CL220)
Palaeeudyptes klekowskii IB/P/B-0065 (Myrcha et al., 1990), MLP 11-II-20-07 (Acosta Hospitaleche and Reguero, 2014), IB/P/B-0485 (Myrcha et al., 2002; Jadwiszczak, 2015), IB/P/B-0331, IB/P/B-0578, IB/P/B-0250a (Jadwiszczak, 2006a), MLP 94-II-15-175 1 (K158), 1 (CHb50), 0/1 (K160), 2 (This study 203), 0/1 (K144), 2 (K144/CHa188), 0 (K145), 1 (C155), 1 (C157), 0 (C158), 1 (KC175), 0 (KC176), 1 (KC187), 2 (BG135), 0 (BG136), 1 (C169), 0/1 (This study 266), 1 (C132), 3 (CL220)
Palaeeudyptes marplesi OM C.50.28 (Simpson, 1971b) 0 (This study 266), 1 (K158), 2 (CHb47)
Palaeospheniscus bergi NHMUK A694 (Jadwiszczak, 2015), P. planus MACN (unnumbered) (Ameghino, 1905: plate 1, 2, figure 7), Paraspheniscus (Ameghino, 1905: pl. 2, fig. 12) 1 (K158), 1 (M247), 0/1 (CHb50)
Palaeospheniscus biloculata Perispheniscus wimani (Ameghino, 1905: plate 2, 3, figure 14, 15), supplemented by descriptions from Acosta Hospitaleche (2007) and Acosta Hospitaleche and Tambussi (2008) 2 (CHb50)
Palaeospheniscus patagonicus AMNH No. 3297 (Simpson, 1946), MPEF-PV 3060, MPEF-PV 3070 (Acosta Hospitaleche et al., 2008) 1 (K158), 2 (This study 203), 2 (This study 266), 1 (M246), 1 (M247), 2 (CHb17), 0 (CHb50), 2 (BG128)
Paraptenodytes antarcticus AMNH 3338 (Bertelli et al., 2006) 2 (K141), 1 (K158), 0 (This study 266)
Paraptenodytes brodkorbi plate 5, figure 29a and b (Ameghino, 1905) 1 (C132)
Paraptenodytes robustus BM(NH) A/151 (Simpson, 1972) 1 (CL222), 1 (CHa157), 1 (C132), 1 (CHb7)
Pelecanoides urinatrix   1 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 3 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 1 (BG127)
Pelecanus conspicillatus CM AV37035  
Perudyptes devriesi MUSM 889 (Ksepka and Clarke, 2010) 1 (K141), 1 (This study 266), ? (K163), 0 (K141), 1 (CL222), 2 (CHa233)
Phaethon rubricauda NMV B12819 Coded in entirety, see NEXUS file
Phalacrocorax carbo CM AV9775, CM AV19114, CM AV9774  
Phoebastria immutabilis   0 (A72), 0 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Phoebetria palpebrata   0 (A72), 0 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Phoeicopterus sp. CM not registered  
Platydyptes amiesi OM C.50.61, OM C.50.62 (Simpson, 1971b; Ando, 2007) 1 (M247), 1 (KF239), 1 (K141), 2 (CL222), 1 (CHb17), 1 (CL219), 0 (C143), 0 (CHb31), 1 (KC166)
Platydyptes marplesi OM C.47.15 (Marples, 1952; Ando, 2007), OU 21946 (from Ando, 2007; used as per Chávez Hoffmeister, 2014b) Note: Ando (2007) considered the holotype of Duntroonornis parvus (OM C.47.31) to be synonomous with this taxon. However, because this study has not been published, this specimen has not been formally synonomised with P. marplesi and is referred to as Duntroonornis parvus here. 2 (This study 203), 1 (M246), 1 (M247), 1 (KF239), 0 (KC142), 0 (CHb7), 0 (KT153), 0 (CHb31), 2 (A34), 1 (C155), 0 (CHb44), 0 (CHb47), ? (KF243), ? CHa219), 2 (CHa233), 0 (CHb71), 1 (LZ2366), 0/2 (CHa234)
Platydyptes novaezealandiae DM 1451/OU 21797 (Simpson, 1971b; Ando, 2007), OU 21805 (from Ando, 2007; used as per Chávez Hoffmeister, 2014b) 2 (This study 203), 2 (K158), 1 (M246), 1 (M247), ? (CL222), ? (K133), ? (CHb20), 1 (CL219), ? (CHb31), ? (BG128), 0 (CHb44), 0/1 (CHb47), 0 (CHb50), 1 (KT203), 1 (CHb72)
Podiceps crisatus CM AV38913, CM AV10285, CM AV36143, CM AV36812  
Procellaria cinerea   0 (A72), 1 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Pseudaptenodytes macraei NMV P 26668, NMV P27055, NMV P27056 (Simpson, 1970; Park, 2014) 1 (BG121), 2 (BG122), 2 (CHb3), 2 (C132), 0 (CHa157), 2 (K127), 2 (CL222), 2 (K129), 1 (CHb16), 2 (K133), 2 (CHb20), 1 (C143), 0 (CHa177), 0 (K160), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb8), 2 (CHb17), 1/2 BG125), 1 (K134), 3 (CL220), 0 (C144), 1 (M247), 1 (C155), 0 (C156), 1 (C157), 1 (KC175), 0 (KC176), 0/1 (K137)
Pygoscelis adeliae USNM 554802; Unassigned (from Jadwiszczak, 2015), CM not registered, CM not registered 2 (CHb50), 2 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (A72), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 0 (CHb47), 0/1 (CHb64), 2 (CHb45), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 0/1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 0 (CHb44), 1 (CHb43), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122), 2 (CHb17)
Pygoscelis antarcticus   2 (CHa233), 0 (A72), 2 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 1 (CHb47), 0/1 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 1 (CHb71), 0 (KT211), 1 (CHb46), 0 (CHb45), 1 (CHb43), 0 (CHb42), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 2 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Pygoscelis grandis SGO-PV-1104, SGOPV-1105, SGOPV-1106, SGOPV-1107, SGOPV-1108 (Walsh and Suárez, 2006) 2 (K158), 1 (This study 266), 0 (A72), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 0 (CHb47), 0 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0/1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 1 (CHb45), 1 (KC137), 0 (A22), 0 (K122), 2 (BG122), 2 (CHa157), 2 (CL217), 1 (KF235), 2 (CHb8), 2 (CL222), 1 (CHb16), ? (CL220), 1 (CHb31), 0 (BG126), 0 (BG128), 2 (K141), 2 (K142), 2 (CHb37), 3 (BG127), 2 (This study 203), 1 (AH38), 1 (AH37), 0 (CHb42), 2 (CHb43), 0 (CHb44), 1 (CHb46), 2/3 (K159), 0 (KT211), 0 (LZ2366), 2 (K127), 2 (K129), 0 (K135), 2 (CHb17), 0 (CHb39), 2 (K143), 0 (K145), 0 (KC187), 1 (BG135), 0 (KF242), 0/1 (CHa219), 0 (CHb61), 2/3 (CHa233), 1 (A73)
Pygoscelis papua CM 1992-224, CM 1993-90 0 (This study 266)
SAM P 7158 cf. Palaeeudyptes SAM P 7158 (Simpson, 1957; Park and Fitzgerald, 2012) 1 (M247), 0 (K142), 0 (K141), 1 (BG128), 1 (BG126), 0 (CHb31), 0 (CHa177), 1 (CHa176), 0 (K134), 1 (CHb20), 2 (K133), 1 (K129), 0 (K127), 0 (CHb8), 1 (CHb3), 2 (BG122), 1 (BG121), 2 (CHb37), 1 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 0 (K135), 1 (CL222), 0 (CHb7), 1/2 (CL222), 0/1 (K137), 3 (BG127), 0 (K143)
Sequiwaimanu rosieae CM 2016.6.1 2 (K141), 1 (This study 203), 1/2 (K144/CHa188), 0 (K144), 2 (BG122), 1 (AH37), 0 (KF239), 0 (K143), 0 (CHb39), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 0 (K142), 0 (A34), 2 (BG128), 1 (CHb31), 0 (CHa177), 0 (CHa176), 1 (CHb20), 1 (CHb17), 0 (CHb16), 1 (KT153), 1 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 1 (CHa157), 1 (CHb3), 0 (C132)
Sphenisciformes indet. NMV P221273 NMV P221273 (Park et al., 2016) 1 (CHa177), 1 (M247), 3 (CHb37), 2 (K142), 1 (BG128), 0 (BG126), 1 (CHb31), 3 (CHa176), 1 (C143), 3 (CL220), 1 (CHb20), 2 (K133), 1 (CHb16), 0 (K135), 2 (K129), 2 (CL222), 2 (K127), 2 (CHb8), 0 (CHa157), 1 (C132), 2 (CHb3), 1 (BG122), 1 (BG121), 1 (CL222), 0 (CHb7), 2 (C132), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb17), 1/2 (CHb20), 1 (A34), 2 (K141), 0 (CHb39), 1 (K143)
Sphenisciformes indet. SAM P 10863 SAM P 10863 (Simpson, 1957; Park and Fitzgerald, 2012) 0 (CHa177), 0 (K137), 3 (CL220), 1 (CL219), 1 (K134), 1 (CHb20), 2 (K133), 2 (CL222), 0 (K127), 0 (CHb8), 1 (CHa157), 0 (C132), 1 (CHb3), 2 (BG122), 1 (BG121), 1 (M247), 1 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 0 (K135), 1 (CHb7), 1 (CHb3), 0 (K128), 1 (K129), ? (K134)
Spheniscus demersus FUR 209 0 (A72), 2 (CHa229), 2 (K158), 1/2 (This study 266), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb72), 1 (KT211), 1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 1 (CHb44), 1 (CHb43), 1 (CHb42), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 1 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 0 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Spheniscus humboldti CM 1993-91, CM 1994-31, CM 1997-113, NHMUK 1998.12.8 1 (This study 266), 2 (CHa229), 1 (CHb39)
Spheniscus magellanicus NHMUK 2001.45.1 (Jadwiszczak, 2015) 2 (CHb50), 2 (K158), 0 (A72), 1/2 (This study 266), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 0 (CHb72), 1 (KT211), 1 (LZ2366), 0/1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 1 (CHb43), 0 (CHb42), 1 (CHb39), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 3 (K133), 2 (CHb17), 0 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 2 (CHb8), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Spheniscus megaramphus MUSM 2087 (Chávez Hoffmeister, 2014a) 0 (A72), 0 (K157), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb47), 1 (B139), 0 (K157), 2 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 3 (K159), 2 (K163), 1 (K160), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 1 (A73), 1 (LZ2366), 1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 1 (KT211), 1 (CHb44)
Spheniscus mendiculus   0 (BG141), 1 (CHb45), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (BG122)
Spheniscus muizoni MNHN PP1 147d (Göhlich, 2007) 2 (This study 203), 0 (A72), 0 (This study 266), 1/2 (CHa229), 2 (CHb50), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb47), 2 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 0 (CHb72), 1 (CHb45), 0/1 (CHb44), 1 (M246), 1 (KF239), 3 (BG127), 2 (CHb37), 1 (K141), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb20), 3 (K133), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CL222), 1 (CHb7), 2 (CHb3), 2 (BG122)
Spheniscus urbinai MUSM 898, MUSM 401 (Chávez Hoffmeister, 2014a) 1 (K141), 2 (This study 203), 0 (A72), 0 (CHb49), 0 (BG141), 2 (CHb47), 2 (CHb64), 2 (CHb65), 2 (K163), 1 (CHb71), 0 (CHb72), 0 (KT211), 0/1 (A73), 0 (LZ2366), 1 (CHb46), 1 (CHb45), 1 (CHb44), 0 (BG126), 3 (CL220), 2 (CHb17), 1 (CHb16), 2 (CHb8), 2 (BG122)
Thalassarche cauta CM AV14476, CM AV36796, CM AV14738, CM AV22627  
Thalassarche melanophris   0 (A72), 0 (K158), 0 (This study 266), 0 (CHb50), 1 (BG141), 0 (K163), 0 (CHb45), 0 (BG127), 3 (K141), 3 (BG126), 0 (CL220), 0 (K133), 0 (CHb17), 0 (CL222), 0 (CHb8), 0 (CHb3), 0 (BG122)
Waimanu manneringi CM zfa 35 0 (This study 266), 0 (CHa234), 1 (BG138), 1 (AH37)
Waipara Greensand Giant penguin CM 2016.158.1 1 (This study 266)

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