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APPENDIX 1.

Faunal lists for the five fossil localities included in this study and ecological categorizations of extinct species. Extinction symbols are placed next to name representing the highest taxonomic rank for each group. The faunal list for La Venta is from Croft (2016); see Kay et al. (1997) for additional details. The faunal list for Quebrada Honda is from Croft (2016) with modifications based on Engelman et al. (2017, 2018), Brandoni et al. (2018), and McGrath et al. (2018); see also Croft and Anaya (2006), Croft, (2007, 2016), Croft et al. (2011), Engelman and Croft (2014), and Engelman et al. (2015). The faunal list for Santa Cruz is from Kay et al. (2012); see Vizcaíno et al. (2012) for additional paleobiological information. The faunal list for Tinguiririca is from Croft (2016) with modifications based on Wyss et al. (2018); for additional details about specific taxa, see Wyss et al. (1994), Croft et al. (2003, 2008), Flynn et al. (2003), Reguero et al. (2003), Bertrand et al. (2012), and Bradham et al. (2015). The faunal list for Rümikon is from the NOW database (http://www.helsinki.fi/science/now/), which was downloaded on November 01, 2017. See Table 2 for body mass categories. Diet abbreviations: Ca, Carnivorous; Fr, Frugivorous; Gr, Graminivorous (grass consumer/grazer); In, Insectivorous; Li, Lignivorous (bark consumer); Om, Omnivorous; Ra, Ramivorous (branch and leaf consumer/browser); Se, Granivorous (seed consumer). Locomotion abbreviations: Ar, Arboreal; Fo, Fossorial; Sa, Semi-aquatic; Sc, Scansorial; Sf, Semi-fossorial; Te, Terrestrial.

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 2.

Faunal lists for the 29 Australasian ecoregions used in this study. Faunal lists are from the WWF Wild Finder Database (https://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database).

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 3.

Faunal lists for the 29 Afrotropical ecoregions used in this study. Faunal lists are from the WWF Wild Finder Database (https://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database).
All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file at https://palaeo-electronica.org/content/2020/2909-south-america-mammal-eda

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 4.

Faunal lists for the 25 Indo-Malayan ecoregions used in this study. Faunal lists are from the WWF Wild Finder Database (https://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database).

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 5.

Faunal lists for the 25 Nearctic ecoregions used in this study. Faunal lists are from the WWF Wild Finder Database (https://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database).

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 6.

Faunal lists for the 35 Neotropical ecoregions used in this study. Faunal lists are from the WWF Wild Finder Database (https://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database).

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 7.

Faunal lists for the 36 Palearctic ecoregions used in this study. Faunal lists are from the WWF Wild Finder Database (https://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database).

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 8.

Ecological attributes for extant species included in this study. Diet abbreviations: Ca, Carnivorous; Fr, Frugivorous; Gr, Graminivorous (grass consumer/grazer); In, Insectivorous; Li, Lignivorous (bark consumer); Om, Omnivorous; Ra, Ramivorous (branch and leaf consumer/browser); Se, Granivorous (seed consumer). Locomotion abbreviations: Ar, Arboreal; Fo, Fossorial; Sa, Semi-aquatic; Sc, Scansorial; Sf, Semi-fossorial; Te, Terrestrial.

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 9.

Similarity Percentage results comparing the fossil faunas to the modern biomes. Fauna abbreviations: LV, La Venta; QH, Quebrada Honda; RU, Rümikon; SC, Santa Cruz; TG, Tinguiririca. Diet abbreviations: Ca, Carnivorous; Fr, Frugivorous; Gr, Graminivorous (grass consumer/grazer); In, Insectivorous; Li, Lignivorous (bark consumer); Om, Omnivorous; Ra, Ramivorous (branch and leaf consumer/browser); Se, Granivorous (seed consumer). Locomotion abbreviations: Ar, Arboreal; Fo, Fossorial; Sa, Semi-aquatic; Sc, Scansorial; Sf, Semi-fossorial; Te, Terrestrial.

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

APPENDIX 10.

Percentages of species in each ecological variable within each paleofauna (at top) and ecoregion (in alphanumerical order). Mean Annual Precipitation (MAP) is also included, based on Fick and Hijmans (2017) for the ecoregions and estimates for paleofaunas from a linear regression of MAP on CA1 score (see Figure 4). Fauna abbreviations: LV, La Venta; QH, Quebrada Honda; RU, Rümikon; SC, Santa Cruz; TG, Tinguiririca. Locomotion abbreviations: Ar, Arboreal; Fo, Fossorial; Sa, Semi-aquatic; Sc, Scansorial; Sf, Semi-fossorial, Te, Terrestrial. S0 - S6 refer to body mass categories 0 through 6, respectively. Dietary abbreviations: Ca, Carnivorous; Fr, Frugivorous; Gr, Graminivorous; In, Insectivorous; Li, Lignivorous; Om, Omnivorous; Ra, Ramivorous; Se, Granivorous.

All appendices are available in one zipped electronic file as RTF and PDF.

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