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TABLE 1. Data for the 11 biomes used in this study. MAP, mean annual precipitation.

Biome
Number
Biome Name N MAP Range MAP Average
1 Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests 22 997 - 3,672 mm 2,193 mm
2 Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests 10 243 - 1,902 mm 1,047 mm
3 Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests 10 631 - 2,321 mm 1,406 mm
4 Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests 20 642 - 2,528 mm 1,239 mm
5 Temperate coniferous forests 12 238 - 1,244 mm 914 mm
7 Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands 16 481 - 1894 mm 1,070 mm
8 Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands 15 267 - 964 mm 512 mm
9 Flooded grasslands and savannas 16 182 - 1,559 mm 742 mm
10 Montane grasslands and shrublands 17 165 - 3,387 mm 921 mm
12 Mediterranean forests, woodlands and sclerophyll forests 16 275 - 868 mm 541 mm
13 Deserts and xeric shrublands 24 54 - 609 mm 229 mm

 

 

TABLE 2. Categories for the three ecological attributes used in this analysis. Abbreviations for each attribute are in parentheses.

Diet Body Mass Primary Locomotor Style
Carnivorous (Ca): Flesh, bone
Frugivorous (Fr): Fleshy fruits, tree gum, sap
Graminivorous (Gr): Grass, grass-like vegetation
Granivorous (Se): Seeds, nuts, kernels
Insectivorous (In): Insects, worms, mollusks, crustaceans
Lignivorous (Li): Bark, roots, tubers
Omnivorous (Om): Diet spanning more than three categories
Ramivorous (Ra): Leaves, stems, buds
Size 0 (S0): 0-10 g
Size 1 (S1): 10-100 g
Size 2 (S2): 100 g-1 kg
Size 3 (S3): 1-10 kg
Size 4 (S4): 10-100 kg
Size 5 (S5): 100-1,000 kg
Size 6 (S6): 1,000-10,000+ kg
Arboreal (Ar)
Fossorial (Fo)
Scansorial/semi-arboreal (Sc)
Semi-aquatic (Sa)
Semi-fossorial (Sf)
Terrestrial/cursorial/ambulatory (Te)

 

 

TABLE 3. Correspondence analysis axis eigenvalues and percent variation.

Axis Eigenvalue Total
variation
Cumulative
variation
1 0.065 27.4% 27.4%
2 0.042 17.5% 45.0%
3 0.029 12.1% 57.0%
4 0.023 9.6% 66.5%
5 0.015 6.2% 72.7%
6 0.013 5.5% 78.2%
7 0.011 4.6% 82.8%
8 0.009 3.7% 86.5%
9 0.008 3.2% 89.7%
10 0.005 2.1% 91.9%
11 0.004 1.7% 93.5%
12 0.004 1.5% 95.0%
13 0.003 1.2% 96.2%
14 0.002 1.0% 97.2%
15 0.002 0.8% 98.1%
16 0.002 0.7% 98.8%
17 0.002 0.6% 99.4%
18 0.001 0.6% 100.0%
19 <0.001 <0.1% 100.0%
20 <0.001 <0.1% 100.0%

 

 

TABLE 4. Misclassification percentages of the Classification Tree analyses. 1) CT1 - vegetative cover; 2) CT2 - biogeographic realm; 3) CT3 - biome.

1. CT1 - Vegetative Cover
  Total Correctly
classified
Incorrectly
classified
Misclassification
Closed 73 64 9 12%
Mixed 82 68 14 17%
Open 24 16 8 33%
2. CT2 - Biogeographic Realm
  Total Correctly
classified
Incorrectly
classified
Misclassification
Australasia 29 28 0 0%
Afrotropics 29 28 1 3%
Indo-Malaya 25 21 4 16%
Nearctic 25 22 3 12%
Neotropics 35 31 4 11%
Palearctic 36 33 3 8%
3. CT3 - Biome
  Total Correctly
classified
Incorrectly
classified
Misclassification
Biome 1 22 16 6 27%
Biome 2 10 4 6 60%
Biome 3 10 6 4 40%
Biome 4 20 16 4 20%
Biome 5 12 3 9 75%
Biome 7 16 9 7 43%
Biome 8 15 7 8 53%
Biome 9 16 12 4 25%
Biome 10 18 13 5 27%
Biome 12 16 9 7 44%
Biome 13 24 21 3 13%

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