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All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 1.

PBDB list of occurrences, extended with own datasets, used for the analyses. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 2.

List of lithologies in the PBDB datasheet subdivided into four categories; lithologies as present in the PBDB. Categories: carbonates (Karbonatgesteine sensu Füchtbauer, 1988), clastics (Siliziklastika sensu Füchtbauer, 1988), fine-grained (Ton- und Siltsteine sensu Füchtbauer, 1988); categories extended to include as many lithologies as possible. Excluded are lithologies that either show strong diagenesis (e.g., chert, coal), contain unprecise information (e.g., sediments or “not reported”), are mixed deposits (e.g., breccia, conglomerate), or represent lithologies that do not fit into any category (e.g., phosphorite or ironstone). Lithological groupings used for this study are “carbonates” and “siliciclastics” (siliciclastics comprise clastics and fine-grained). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 3.

Code for the statistical analyses performed in R. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 4.

Phanerozoic dataset for brachiopods, bivalves, and gastropods. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 5.

List of reference numbers of Clapham-authorizations in the PBDB for bivalves, gastropods, and brachiopods. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 6.

Overview of number of occurrences (6.A), origination (6.B) and extinction (6.C) rates for the LPIA; brachiopods, bivalves, and gastropods as well as clades combined are plotted. Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 7.

Genus richness (CSIB) for during the LPIA plotted by affinity. Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 8.

Origination rates of clades in different environmental settings throughout the LPIA. Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 9.

Origination rates of clades in different environmental settings throughout the LPIA; paired by setting (9A: carbonate vs. siliciclastic; 9B: shallow vs. deep; 9C: fine vs. coarse; 9D: reef vs. non-reef). Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 10.

Extinction rates of clades in different environmental settings throughout the LPIA. Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 11.

Extinction rates of clades in different environmental settings throughout the LPIA; paired by setting (11A: carbonate vs. siliciclastic; 11B: shallow vs. deep; 11C: fine vs. coarse; 11D: reef vs. non-reef). Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 12.

Turnover rates for the compared environments paired by setting: carbonate vs. siliciclastic, reef vs. non-reef, shallow vs. deep, fine vs. coarse; including the newly reconstructed sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 13.

Sampling completeness for the clades in the Late Paleozoic Ice Age, comprising the Famennian to Wuchiapingian. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 14.

Number of references in the PBDB during the LPIA for brachiopods, bivalves and gastropods. Mean sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 15.

Table of correlations (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient) between occurrences, genus richness, and subsampled genus richness versus references per stage in the PBDB. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 16.

Proportion of references per clade among total references. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 17.

Number of occurrences with (thick lines) and without (thin lines) Clapham-authorized entries; including the newly reconstructed sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 18.

Subsampled genus richness (CSIB) with (thick lines) and without (thin lines) Clapham-authorized entries; including the newly reconstructed sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 19.

Subsampled SQS genus richness (CSIB) with (thick lines) and without (thin lines) Clapham-authorized entries; including the newly reconstructed sea-surface temperature (SST) after Song et al. (2019). All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

 

APPENDIX 20.

Occurrence download for brachiopods, bivalves and gastropods for the LPIA with P. Wagner as enterer. All the appendices are supplied in zipped files. Appendices 1-3, 5-20 are in one zipped file, and Appendix 4 in a separate file.

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