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APPENDIX I.

List of Dental Characters. (A) for Ordered characters; (NA) for Unordered characters. Appendix I-III are available online in a zipped file.

APPENDIX II.

Taxa/Characters Matrix from Dental Material (Nexus Format). Appendix I-III are available online in a zipped file.

APPENDIX III.

List of Apomorphy. --> for Ambiguous synapomorphy; ==> for Non-ambiguous synapomorphy. Appendix I-III are available online in a zipped file.

APPENDIX IV.

Dental diagrams of derived Cainotheriidae dentition according to dental nomenclature of Boisserie et al. (2010) and Weppe et al. (2020). For upper dentition, the term crista refers to crests originating from main cusps, the term cristula refers to crests originating from conules, the term cristyla refers to crests originating from styles. For lower dentition, the term cristid refers to crests originating from main cuspids, the term cristulid refers to crests originating from conulids. A, B, M2/; C, D, M/3. Abbreviations: Centroulid., centroconulid; dist., distostyle; <., endometacrista; endoparac., endoparacrista; Entod., entoconid; Hypod., hypoconid; Hypoulid., hypoconulid; mediocid., mediocristid; med., mediostyle; mes., mesostyle; Meta., metacone; Metad., metaconid; Metaul., metaconule; Metaulid., metaconulid; met., metastyle; Para., paracone; Parad., paraconid; Paraul., paraconule; par., parastyle; postcentroculid., postcentrocristulid; postdistocyla., postdistocristyla; postectoparacyla., postectoparacristyla; postendocentroculid., postendocentrocristulid; postendoentocid., postendoentocristid; postentocid., postentocristid; posthypocid., posthypocristid; postmetac., postmetacrista; postmetac id., postmetacristid; postmetacula., postmetacristula; postmetaculid., postmetacristulid; postmetacyla,. postmetacristyla; postparac., postparacrista; postparac id., postparacristid; postparacula., postparacristula; postparacyla., postparacristyla; postprotoc., postprotocrista; postprotocid., postprotocristid; precentroculid., precentrocristulid; predistocyla., predistocristyla; preectometacyla., preectometacristyla; preentocid., preentocristid; prehypoc id., prehypocristid; prehypoculid., prehypocristulid; premesocyla., premesocristyla; premetac., premetacrista; premetacid., premetacristid; premetac ula., premetacristula; premetaculid., premetacristulid; premetacyla., premetacristyla; preparac., preparacrista; preparacid., preparacristid; preparac ula., preparacristula; preparacyla., preparacristyla; preprotoc., preprotocrista; preprotocid., preprotocristid; Proto., protocone; Protod., protoconid. Circles: cusps/styles/conules/conulids; full lines: crest; dashed lines: valleys/fossa; dotted lines: cingula/cingulids; bold full lines: crown contour. Arrows indicate the mesio-lingual side. Scale bar equals 1 mm.

 appendix4

 

APPENDIX V.

Table with measurements (mm) and statistical data of the permanent teeth of Palembertina deplasi gen. nov. sp. nov. from Palembert. N, number of specimens; L/lp/la/h/L3 and l3, see Methods; LV, limit values; M ± SE, Mean ± Standard Error; σ, standard deviation; V, coefficient of variation.

  N Measurement LV M ± SE Σ V
M2/ 1 L
lp
la
h
  3.23
4.00
3.75
1.58
   
P/4 1 L
lp
la
h
  3.11
1.88
1.52
1.82
   
M/2 1 L
lp
la
h
  3.10
2.43
2.39
1.71
   
M/3 2 L
lp
la
h
L3
l3
4.47-4.76
2.55-2.73
2.22-2.28
2.31-2.37
1.35-1.46
1.19-1.27
4.61 ± 0.15
2.64 ± 0.09
2.45 ± 0.03
2.34 ± 0.03
1.40 ± 0.05
1.23 ± 0.04
0.21
0.12
0.04
0.04
0.07
0.06
4.48
4.69
1.93
1.66
5.29
4.60
Dia P/2-P/3 1 L   1.31    

APPENDIX VI.

Table with measurements (mm) and statistical data of the permanent teeth of Oxacron courtoisii from Palembert. N, number of specimens; L/lp/la/h/L3 and l3, see Methods; LV, limit values; M ± SE, Mean ± Standard Error; σ, standard deviation; V, coefficient of variation.

  N Measurement LV M ± SE Σ V
P/3 1 L
lp
la
h
  3.13
1.46
1.08
1.80
   
P/4 1 L
lp
la
h
  2.91
2.00
1.50
1.90
   
M/1 1 L
lp
la
h
  2.95
2.35
2.08
1.92
   
M/2 2 L
lp
la
h
3.11-3.51
2.46-2.48
2.39-2.39
2.19-2.42
3.31 ± 0.20
2.47 ± 0.01
2.39
2.30 ± 0.12
0.28
0.01
0.00
0.16
8.53
0.57
0.03
7.16
M/3 2 L
lp
la
h
L3
l3
4.23-4.41
2.05-2.18
2.02-2.30
2.27-2.29
1.17-1.18
1.02-1.14
4.32 ± 0.09
2.11 ± 0.06
2.16 ± 0.14
2.28 ± 0.01
1.17 ± 0.01
1.08 ± 0.06
0.13
0.09
0.20
0.01
0.01
0.08
2.94
4.22
9.10
0.62
0.60
7.54
M/1-M/3 1 L   10.32    
P/3-P/4 1 L   5.80    
Dia P/2-P/3 1 L   0.71    
Dia P/1-P/2 1 L   0.87    

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