The palynological record is summarized in
Figure 3, the charcoal record in
Figure 4.1 and the cuticle record in
Figure 4.2. A diverse flora was present with prominent ferns, Araucariaceae, Podocarpaceae, and angiosperms including a prominent Casuarinaceae and Proteaceae component. Charcoal is almost ubiquitous. Only one of the pollen samples (Kakakhu-17) contained no charcoal. In six of the samples (Kakahu 1, 8, 19, 23, 24, 25) there were more fragments of charcoal than pollen and
Nineteen taxa were recognized based on leaf cuticle (Figure
4.2, Figure 5,
Figure 14, and
Appendix). There included three forms of conifer (all of which are regarded as Podocarpaceae), one gnetalean, two monocots, five Lauraceae, and a further eight types which are probably dicotyledons.